Leadership and Management in the 20th Century

2998 Words Feb 28th, 2006 12 Pages
"How management manages and leads employees has changed dramatically over preceding decades and will continue to evolve in the future"

Introduction

Every manager is different in their approach to managing staff and in modern day society leadership is becoming a more vital aspect of management. The business sector in today's society is increasing rapidly, and with this increase comes the need for more people to manage and lead the growing companies.

This essay will embark on the evolution of management and leadership in previous decades and future changes.

Before divulging in this topic of conversation we must firstly distinguish between what exactly is a manager and also a leader.

With regards the differencing of the two words - the
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The disadvantage is that some employees will take advantage of the manager and not do any work at all.

Paternalistic. In a paternalistic leadership the manager will try and guide the employees towards their goals. The manager tries to take on a "fatherly" role for the employees and makes all the decisions for them in a "I know best" way. The advantage to this style is that the decisions will be made quickly for the company. The disadvantage is that the employees can feel unmotivated as it can be very patronizing for them and as they get very little input.

We will begin our journey of management and leadership changes from the turn of the 1900 century when things we a vastly differing from the styles of management and leadership that is practiced today.

EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT THEORY

* CLASSICAL (1880-1927)

* CONTEMPORARY (1930-1962)

* POSTMODERN (1965 - present)

Management in the 1900's

Scientific Management Period (1890-1940)

At the turn of the century, the most notable organizations were large and industrialized. This was after all in the midst of the industrial revolution. The military and church were two very important organisations in this era and the structure of these organisations became foremost the most notable structure in these times. This proved to be the emphasis for more hierarchy and roles in the management and leadership of organisations.

In this period the role of the manager changed to a more professional figure, not seen as an
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