Leadership in the Uprising: Comparison of Different Uprising

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After the Second World War, the Soviet Union spread their political ideology among the countries of East Central Europe. Instantly, Josef Stalin spread Stalinization across each of the countries to assert Soviet control. He created totalitarian governments with limited freedoms for its citizens. Following the death of Stalin, the new leader of the Soviet Union, Nika Khrushchev, began changing the repressive policies of Stalin, opening the doors to the countries of East Central Europe to challenge the rule of the Soviets. Using the Soviet Thaw as an opportunity to reform the system of government, many countries including Hungary and Czechoslovakia had uprisings against Soviet Rule. The Hungarian Revolution and the Prague Spring were…show more content…
If we depart from Hungary, it will give a great boost to the Americans, English, and French--the imperialists. They will perceive it as weakness on our part and will go onto the offensive. We would then be exposing the weakness of our positions. Our party will not accept it if we do this. To Egypt they will then add Hungary” (GWU).
For five days, the Hungarians experienced independence from the Soviet Union and established a democratic regime. However, on November 4, 1956, the Soviet tanks rolled into Budapest to strike down the revolution. Janos Kadar appeared in the tank and proclaimed that the revolution was over and Hungary was to remain loyal to the Soviets (A.R 14). The Soviets reasserted their control and ended any nationalist hopes for the Hungarians.
Unlike the Hungarians, the Prague Spring was not a nationalist movement within the country, but an attempt to reform communism within the country under the leadership of Alexander Dubcek. Dubcek was explicit about remaining loyal to the Soviets instead of creating an independent nation. Following of the death of Stalin, the leader Antonin Novotny did not follow the trend of the Soviet thaw, but continued to implement the policies of the Stalin Era. Novotny’s strict rule on the civilian lives of the Czechoslovak people caused much unrest within Czechoslovakia. Economic downturn caused starvation within Czechoslovakia and citizens felt that the Soviets were exploiting the country’s resources and impeding on the
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