Learners Autonomy and Independence in Language Learning Essay

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Lately, the concepts of learner autonomy and independence had become important concepts in the area of teaching. The former has become a ‘vogue word’ within the context of linguistic communication learning. Autonomous learning is a technical jargon in education which means accepting responsibility and demanding charge of one’s own scholarship. There are many different learning schemes and factors that contribute to the achievement of learner independence as well. According to Sinclair (2001), learning autonomy is “independent learning, lifelong learning, learning to learn, and thinking skills”. Learner autonomy is though the ability to assume charge of one’s own learning, to have the responsibility for all the conclusions concerning all…show more content…
Henceforth, communication strategies has been regarded as “the verbal (or nonverbal) first support devices which may be applied to deal with problems or breakdowns in communication. These devices are instruments for aiding students to be active participants in a given communicative situation. As far as the cognitive, meta-cognitive, affective and social strategies, they are seen as an approach to categorizing strategies. They categorize the learners into four groups: cognitive, meta-cognitive, affective or social. Cognitive strategies have been defined as strategies that “operate directly on incoming information, manipulating it in ways that enhance learning” (O’Malley & Chamot, 1990:44). In other words, this class covers the procedure through which students work in their learning of the target language as well as the process of its utilization. Whereas meta-cognitive strategies are defined by Cook (1993) as: “strategies about learning rather than learning strategies themselves” (Cook, 1993: 114). The scholars who go to this category are known for the self-recognition of their aims and goals, they also learn how to reach these aims. Metacognitive strategies are the processes that allow learners to control their own cognition by planning what they will do, checking how it is going and then evaluating how it went. The last strategies in this category are: affective and social schemes. Affective strategies serve to govern emotions,
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