Learning English Morphology for Efl Learners

1864 WordsAug 11, 20128 Pages
LEARNING ENGLISH MORPHOLOGY FOR EFL LEARNERS Generally, we can mention that EFL (English as a Foreign Language) learners are those who learn English tend to achieve the particular purpose. For example, they can use English when travelling or to communicate with other people from whatever country, who also speak English. We can classify the students of English department into EFL learners, too. So, they need to be able to speak English well. One of the foremost aspect in speaking English is we have to understand about morphology, so that we can speak English easily. That’s why we need to learn English morpholgy as an EFL learners. This essaytries to explain about how to learn English morphology, especially for EFL learners. Before we…show more content…
Open-class (as known as lexical morphemes) are nouns, verbs, and adjectives which can take additional morphemes. Closed-class (as known as functional morpheme) are conjunctions, prepositions, and determiners which cannot take an additional morpheme. The fifth, we have to understand that bound morphemes are classified as inflectional and derivational affixes or roots. Inflectional morphemes (e.g. –er, -ed, -s) don’t change the gammatical function of the word, but derivational morphemes (e.g. -ness and –ify) do. For example : Inflectional morpheme (neatneater : adjective adjective), whereas derivational morpheme (neatneatness : adjective noun). The last, we should find a list of words and practice breaking the words into the morphemes from which they are built. Trial and practical can be the good way for us to get comprehension more. All of instructions above is very useful to make us understand easier about morphology. After EFL learners do all of instructions above, maybe they can get some problems. Words such asinstitutional, react, input are described morphologically as (institute + tion + al), (re +act), and (in + put). Students sometimes over-generalize what they learn, so they describe words like repel as (re + pel), incident (in + cident), repeat (re + peat). Those words can not be described morphologically in this way because they are a part of the stem/root, i.e. in repel, (pel) can not give meaning
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