Learning ( Pbl ) And Work Based Learning

1681 WordsFeb 5, 20157 Pages
In our global economy, industry demands dynamic, adaptable and innovative workers to remain competitive. This presents a challenge to educational institutions on two fronts. Firstly to keep pace with this requirement and secondly to equip their learners with the required skills and knowledge that will enable them to either remain within this environment or to enter it. Two approaches to learning that benefit individuals and meet this challenge are Problem based learning (PBL) and work based learning (WBL). Both approaches are learner centred, motivating learners to become self- directed. PBL originated in Canada in the late 1960’s underpinned by constructivist view. Developed for medical students it became a widely used tool for learning (EE and Tan 2009, Hmelo-Silver, 2004). In her paper Hmelo-Silver (2004) discusses the process of PBL, its methodology and the goals it can achieve for both the learner and the facilitator. But a significant criticism of PBL relates to the context in which it is delivered. As PBL is within a classroom environment it does not fully address other concepts required in adult learning situations such as political, social or historical influences (Foley, 2004). The early form of WBL is the apprenticeship. The apprenticeship, a word derived from the French verb “apprendre”, meaning to learn, can be traced back to ancient Egypt (Rorrison, 1988). This concept of teaching a craft has developed to meet the growing need for a highly skilled and
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