Learning Theory Behaviorism Essay example

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THE LEARNING THEORY
BEHAVIORISM:
BEHAVIORIST GORDON ALLPORT
AND BURRHUS SKINNER

INTRODUCTION

The behavoristic approach has exerted a strong influence on American Psychology. The basic ideas of behaviorism are: human behavior is a product of the Stimulus-Response interaction and that behavior is modifiable. It has triggered scientific experiments and the use of statistical procedures. Most importantly, it has turned the attention of psychology to solving real behavior related problems. The behavorist believe behavior should be explained in terms of environmental stimuli. It is not necessary to go into the postulating of inner mechanisms or traits because it creates additional mysteries that need to be explained. Though with
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(Boeree 98) This experience led him to his theory, it made his realize that depth psychology sometimes digs too deep, in the same way that he had earlier realized that most importantly “Behaviorism often doesn’t dig deeply enough. His career was spent developing his theory, examining social issues as prejudice, and developing personality tests.

ALLPORT’S THEORY

     Allport was against opportunistic functioning. His belief of this term was characterized as reactive, past-oriented, and of course biological. He felt it was unimportant when trying to understand most of human behavior. He believed most human behavior, is motivated by functioning in a manner expressive of the self – which he called propriate functioning. (Allport 37) Propriate functioning can be characterized as proactive, future-oriented, and psychological.
     Propriate comes from the word proprium. Allport’s name, for essential concept, the self. Because it put so much emphasis on the self, Allport defined it as with care. He handled this task from two directions, phenomenologically and functionically. Phenomenologically is the self as experienced. He suggested that that the self is composed of aspects of your experiencing that you see as most essential, warm and central.
     His functional definition became a theory all
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