Learning and Development Theories

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Learning and Development Theories: Learning and development theories basically focus on environmental factors that impact people's behavior like reinforcement, modeling, and punishment. These theories have been developed by several theorists in the field of psychology who have endeavored to understand the development and behavior of human beings. The efforts of these theorists have contributed to the emergence of several theories that explain their work. Actually, there are three major learning and development theories that are relevant in explaining the development of individuals. Classical and Operant Conditioning: One of the most important learning theories is classical conditioning that was discovered by Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist who discovered the phenomenon while conducting analysis on digestion. Classical conditioning basically refers to the automatic or effortless reaction to stimuli and is commonly known as respondent or Pavlovian conditioning. This type of conditioning takes place when animals learn to relate things and produces expected relationships among events. Consequently, an animal will learn to react in eagerness to the initial event for the achievement of the second. Since Pavlov carried out most of his experiments on dogs in the early part of the 20th Century, he used animals as examples to support his claims. The theory supports the notion that people develop responses to some stimuli that don't occur naturally. Many of today's
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