Lecturer Peter Senge Once Stated, “Knowledge Is Constructed,

1302 WordsApr 30, 20176 Pages
Lecturer Peter Senge once stated, “Knowledge is constructed, not transferred” (Callahan). With this one quote Peter Senge has managed to mock the modern education system. Today’s educational institutions do exactly what Senge says not to; teachers try to transfer knowledge to their students through lectures, worksheets, and rubrics. This type of instruction, called essentialism, limits student’s creativity. Students are unable to act independently from teacher expectations. Essentialism tends to have one right answer and only one way of finding this solution. Instruction following this set up will begin to reduce student perseverance; students become frustrated if they cannot solve the problem the way the teacher described and often give…show more content…
In order to embrace constructivism in the classroom one must first ask, what is learning, how do students learn, and how should teachers teach? Learning can be defined in many different ways. The Merriam Webster dictionary defines learning as, “knowledge or skill acquired by instruction or study and modification of a behavioral tendency by experience” Both definitions are needed when describing learning since both cognitive and behavioral learning occur. In a constructivist classroom learning can be defined as, “humans construct[ing] knowledge and meaning from their experiences.” (The University of Sydney) “These classrooms embraced learning more strongly than classrooms with a behaviorist orientation and far better than classrooms with a laissez-faire teacher” (DiGiulio, 2004, p. 54). Creativity and imagination are abundant among children, especially at the elementary school age. Many philosophical approaches to education limit creativity and focus on following rules and listening to instructions. Constructivist teachers refuse to limit students’ abilities providing students with freedom of choice. Constructivism allows each student to learn in the style best suited for them, whether that style is hands on learning, visual learning, or auditory learning, students want to learn. People learn in many different ways. The most common types of learners are listening, seeing, or touch learners. Constructivism addresses all three of these learning styles. In a

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