What is an urban revolution? Why is it important for cities to have one? What are that factors that cause these revolutions? In the articles The Urban Revolution by V.Gordon Childe, The Right to The City by David Harvey and lastly, What Type of Public Transit for What Type of Public? by Kafui A. Attoh, displays the different ways the residents in a city react to the social inequality and human rights.
The Uses of Sidewalks: Safety and Contact Cities are generators of economic life and source of changes in the world. Thereby, Jane Jacobs in her book The Death and Life of Great American Cities puts into relief the role of cities on the social and economic levels, while denouncing the disastrous consequences of urban renewal programs. To that extent, in chapters 2 and 3, she discusses "The Uses of Sidewalks”, arguing that over all people need safety and trust in their city. Therefore, first she claims the necessity of keeping streets and sidewalks safe because they are the “vital organs” of cities (29). Secondly, she argues that the functioning of cities should be organized in order to foster human interaction in which “casual public
In “New Axioms for Reading the Landscape: Paying Attention to Political Economy and Social Justice,” Don Mitchell incorporates old ideas from Peirce F. Lewis’s original “Axioms for Reading the Landscape.” At the same time, Mitchell includes new ideas into his axioms. In Axiom 1, he explains that “the landscape is not produced through ‘our unwitting autobiography’ (as Lewis describes it), but as an act of (social, not individual) will” (2007, 34). He also stresses the idea that landscape should be produced as a commodity. In contrast, Neil Smith explains the main causes behind gentrification. Smith explains how gentrification happens through a process which he calls “rent gap” (1979, 545). In gentrification, the landscape is a commodity because it loses and gains monetary value through disinvestment and investment.
In Mark Davidson’s article, ‘Displacement, Space and Dwelling: Placing Gentrification Debate’, he cites several contemporary case studies where certain deteriorated areas have been targeted for redevelopment and subsequent evictions have taken place. Using several philosophical authors, such as Heidegger and Lefebvre, Davidson’s focuses on the effect spatial metaphors have on displacement, and how these concepts tie into the conceptualization of space. In this paper I will compile a thorough summary of the article and formulate a comprehensive analysis of Davidson’s arguments as well as his sources.
“Gentrification” captures class disparities and injustices created by capitalist urban land markets and policies. This in turn can cause an increasing house expense encumbrance for low-income and working-class households, and the associated personal catastrophes of displacement, removal, and homelessness, are symptoms of a set of institutional arrangements (private property rights and a free market) that support the creation of urban environments to serve the needs of capital accumulation at the expense of the social needs of home, community, family. Displacement from home and neighbourhood can be a shattering experience. At worst it leads to homelessness, at best it impairs a sense of community. Public policy should, by general agreement,
Urbanisation builds an equitable society The process of people moving into cities, which is called urbanisation, was happening around the world in past decades. It causes cities to have more labourers and resources than before. This makes a big contribution to the social development of cities. Thanks to these social developments, public services are becoming better in these areas. Citizens can enjoy a better life by access these public services such as better medical care, more education resources and well-built transport. It means an equitable society can be created. An equitable society means citizens can have more opportunities to access social resources and to live a better life. This essay will argue that
The urban space not only reflects the profound changes in people's lives, but also reveals many social problems. Different element which includes the building, neighborhoods, housing and transportation create a sense of spatial relationship and emphasize the importance of equality in opportunity and comprehensive development. According to the article
The benchmark of city dwellers is that they share a common goal for the place they live. Along with eating, playing and praying, its where they have come to fulfill their dreams of living in the big city - reaching for opportunities that are not available from where they started.
MARQUEZ Quotation, Passage, or Scenario Page Comment, Analysis, Observation, Reflection, Question 1. Even its name was a kind of joke, because the only rose in that village was being worn by Senator Onésimo Sánchez himself 1654 The paradoxical name of the imaginary city reinforces the author’s opinion about politics: a now corrupt and illusionary institution
Throughout the course of Introduction to African American Studies many of the themes we discussed connected to Freedom. I chose the theme Freedom In The City because there were many forms of freedom that African Americans faced. For example, for my book review I had to read The Life and Times of Fredrick Douglass. Fredrick Douglass experienced physical, emotional and intellectual freedom. Douglass’ mistress was chastised by her husband for trying to educate Douglass on how to read and write. Douglass grasped the idea that real freedom came from the skill of being able to read and write. The slave masters did not want their slaves to have the ability to read because if they could read for themselves they would be unqualified to be a slave. Also
belongs in the city that the ideal can be achieved. What this means to politics in the
The Radiant City is an unrealized urban masterplan by Le Corbusier, first presented in 1924 and published in a book of the same name in 1933. Designed to contain effective means of transportation, as well as an abundance of green space and sunlight, Le Corbusier’s city of the future would not only provide residents with a better lifestyle, but would contribute to creating a better society. Though radical, strict and nearly totalitarian in its order, symmetry and standardization, Le Corbusier’s proposed principles had an extensive influence on modern urban planning and led to the development of new high-density housing
With this in mind, it is important to realize that, the purpose of the right to the city is not a new movement proposition; it is in fact an idealistic tendency. That is to say, it is a controversial topic debated by many scholars such as Lefebvre, Purcell, and Harvey, who have devoted their attention almost entirely to analyze the right to the city and many aspects of the right to the city. This includes special foundation with emphasis on capitalism and democracy. Lefebvre argues that is necessary to build a political proposal. His proposal include claims for people with rights to the city in the form of ownership; as well as address the effect caused by neoliberalism such as the privatization of urban spaces, the commercial use of the
As a result of a booming development of the nineteenth century city, “progressive” architects of the time started to deliberate and conceive opinions to create long term solutions. Known for his radical cultural manifestos, Le Corbusier is one of the architects that epitomizes the change in ideal of the Machine
The purpose of this paper is to review the key ideas of the Garden City Movement and to discuss how his ideas have been developed and revised in the latter urban planning theories, which are, the Garden Suburb, Satellite City, the New Towns Movement and the New Urbanism.