Left Behind Children in China

1986 Words8 Pages
“Left behind children” in China has become a serious and critical issue that approximately 58 million rural children have been left to fend for themselves after their parents migrate to cities for work. “Left-behind children” refers to a large group of children in rural areas living with their grandparents, relatives, neighbors and parents' friends, or teachers after their parents left them at hometowns and migrate to big cities for making a living. According to the latest report of Chinese Education Department, there are about 58,000,000 left-behind children in rural areas (All-China Women’s Federation, 2008). Although these children are at the crucial stages of cognitive growth and social-emotional development, they are unable to experience parents’ care, guidance, and support because of the lack or loss of secure attachment with their migrant parents. Since most of them are taken care by their relatives or grandparents, the gaps in emotional and cognitive perspectives exist between children and those caregivers, especially children and their elderly grandparents (Liu, Li, & Ge, 2009; Gao, Li, Kim, Congdon, Lau, & Griffiths, 2010; Lu, Y., 2012).
Besides, as they are lack of parents’ guidance on the formation and development of worldviews, social norms, and values, they showed psychological and behavioral problems in the processes of development, such as fighting and pilferage (Fan, Su, Gill, & Birmacher, 2010). In addition, some left-behind children are taken care
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