Lenin 's The Bolshevik Party

1270 Words Apr 13th, 2016 6 Pages
While organizing the Bolshevik party in the lead up to the October 1917 insurrection, Lenin navigated the fundamental contradictions of socialism with relative ease. In Lenin’s ‘April Theses,’ published after his return to Russia, he advocated for a transfer of all state power “to the hands of the proletariat and the poorest sections of the peasants. ” When compared to the positions of Lenin’s fellow Bolsheviks in April of 1917, he appeared radically committed to Marxist ideology. Indeed, Suny states that “until Lenin returned from exile, most Bolsheviks were willing to support the new government and the policies of the soviet… Lenin exploded in anger at the party’s soft line toward the government and insisted that it support the “conquest of power by the soviets of workers’ deputies. ” In this context, Lenin’s commitment to ideological purity was essential in convincing his fellow Bolsheviks of the viability of socialist revolution. It also fostered the support of urban dwelling workers and the military, who came to view the Bolsheviks as “the clear alternative to the Menshevik[s] and SR[s], [who] … cooperat[ed] with a government … that became identified in the minds of many with upper and middle classes. ” But when it came to organizing the Bolshevik’s political apparatus, Lenin departed significantly from the ideology that had allowed for the insurrection’s success.

In the wake of the October insurrection, Lenin produced a modification of Marxist theory would allow for…
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