Leon Trotsky: The Development Of Capitalism In Russia

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Leon Trotsky (Lev Davidovich Bronstein) was born in 1979 to a wealthy but illiterate Jewish peasant family in Ukraine. His parents are generally too preoccupied with their work on the farm, and hence were unable to devote any significant time to their children. Due to his Jewish heritage he was forced to attend a Jewish primary school, where his experience of schooling was one of frustration and disappointment due to his social isolation and mediocre academic performance. In 1888 at the age of nine he was sent to Odessa, a culturally diverse city, where he stayed with the Spentzers and continued his schooling. Here, a wide spectrum of ideas challenged his narrow prejudices and broadened his horizons beyond the simple, yet dull world of his…show more content…
In 1898 he was arrested for his political activities, put in prison and deported to Siberia. After being imprisoned, Trotsky referred to the next 2 years of his life as the “grand tour “ of Russian prisons. He spent most of his time engaging in political discussions and debates with other prisoners. Trotsky’s six months in Moscow prisons were a turning point in his life, with his first introduction to the The development of Capitalism in Russia by Lenin. It had a major impact on his thinking, and helped him gain an understanding of the world and the various views and ideas. In 1902 he escaped to London, where he met Lenin and joined the staff at Iskra working closely with Lenin. In 1903 following the Split of the Social democratic party, he sided against Lenin and joined the Mensheviks, believing that Lenin’s ideas would lead to a dictatorship. In 1905, after hearing of the events of Bloody Sunday, he returned to Russia and was elected co-chairman and eventually president of the St Petersburg Soviet, however he was later arrested and exiled in December of…show more content…
He demonstrates exceptional organisational skills by becoming chairman the St Petersburg Soviet. In addition he became the head of strike committees,issued declarations and gave impassioned speeches to workers at St Petersburg. He felt that his major role was to convince the workers to overthrow capitalism and the Tsar. In December, 1905 he was arrested and charged with supporting an armed rebellion. He was excited to Siberia for life, but escaped to Finland, continuing to advocate reconciliation, but remained cut off from Bolsheviks. Trotsky’s continued advocated his theory of “permanent revolution”. He believed that revolution was an international phenomenon, and that each individual revolution was a small part of an ongoing international process rather than an isolated, single national event. In 1912 he established the Mezhrayonntsy, a united group which pushed for the reunion of the Mensheviks and Bolsheviks, however it was unsuccessful in hence Trotsky going the Bolsheviks in 1917. In 1917 Trotsky observed that Russia was on the brink of revolution, as the Great War had been a political disaster for the government. There were mixed views in regards to Trotsky’s role in the revolution of 1917. He was condemned by some as a brutal Marxist fanatic whose sole concern was holding on to power, while others described him as “playing the largest single role in organising
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