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Levine And Huttenlocher: A Summary

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Boyer, Levine, and Huttenlocher (2008), proposed children experience cognitive barriers during their development of proportional reasoning when tasks involve liquids and are represented as discrete quantities. Ideally, children generally have difficulties with contextual conventional fractions, as often, children between ages eight and nine scientifically misinterpret fractions that are notated traditionally. Boyer, Levine, and Huttenlocher (2008) demonstrated the barriers to children’s ability to reason proportionally utilizing quantities of liquids is resultant of overextension of absolute numerical equivalence. Participants had no difficulties matching equal quantities; however, encountered problems when items were presented in discrete
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