Melanoma Melanoma is a malignant tumor that arises from pigment-producing skin cells termed melanocytes. When the cell division of these melanocytes becomes unregulated, they begin to divide and multiply too rapidly. This results in a cancerous overgrowth of these pigmented cells. Melanomas most frequently begin as a benign
What are the most common genetic/chromosome changes related to this form of cancer? Which genes are responsible? Where are these genes located? How are the genes different from normal individuals?
All states in the U.S. test newborns for CF. Some states use genetic testing. Any child or adult with symptoms of CF or a family history of the condition may be tested. This may be done along with other nongenetic
What Tests Are Used to Diagnose Fibromyalgia? To make an accurate diagnosis, your doctor will rely on a comprehensive physical exam and your medical history. There is a blood test to help diagnose fibromyalgia. The test -- called FM/a -- identifies markers produced by immune system blood cells in people with fibromyalgia. Ask your doctor if the FM/a test is right for you.
What Is Chiari? Nearly 319,000 people have Chiari Malformation in the United States. Patients suffering from this disorder experience a wide range of symptoms, and these symptoms can range from minor to server. Each case of Chiari malformation is different from one to another, and depends on the severity. Chiari malformation is a disease that affects all ages. It is detectable and treatable and scientists hope to someday reduce its effect on patients and possibly eliminate it. First off we'll talk about what it is and side effects.
Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Syndrome Imagine having an almost 100% chance of developing colon cancer. That is what people are told with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) if they do not have their over 100 polyps, or growths, removed. FAP is a genetic disorder where normal cells that line your large intestine can grow into cancerous tumors. These tumors must be removed before they become cancerous. This disorder is passed down from parents on the APC gene which is on your fifth chromosome. If the APC gene is mutated you are more likely to develop these growths which lead to cancer in your lifetime. This disorder has an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern, which means if either parent has just one dominant mutated APC gene you have a 50% chance of inheriting it. Symptoms of FAP do not just include the growths in your colon. They can also include skin changes, osteomas or bone growths, and extra or missing teeth.
Cri-du-Chat (cat’s cry) Syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder that is caused by the deletion of genetic material on chromosome 5. Due to this, this syndrome has an alternative name, known as 5p-, or 5p minus syndrome. Although this genetic defect is able to be diagnosed, the cause of the
Livedoid vasculopathy (livedoid vasculitis or LV) is a chronic, recurrent and painful disorder of the cutaneous microcirculation. This dermatosis is relatively rare and occurs most commonly in young to middle-aged women in whom the lesions are often located in the distal lower extremities and feet. LV is clinically outlined by a
Other tests may be performed to confirm the diagnosis, including: Imaging tests, such as CT scans, an ultrasound, an MRI, or X-rays. Bone scans may be done to see if the cancer has spread to the skull or other bones.
Bone scans and x-rays -- these tests look for spread of cancer to the bones.
What is the disease? What is the mutation that is associated with the disease? What is known about how the mutation reported in the Journal article results in the disease
Lissencephaly (colloquially known as smooth brain) is a rare developmental disorder of the brain cortex due to impaired neuronal migration between the 3rd and 4th months of human gestation. The condition can appear isolated or associated with diverse phenotypes such as Miller-Dieker or Walker-Warburg syndrome. A good knowledge of the normal
Cancer is a disease of cells that are the main body unit. Our bodies are constantly making new cells to allow us to grow, to replace worn-out cells or to recover the damaged cells after injury. Certain genes control the process all types of cancer are caused by damage to these genes. This damage usually occurs during our lifetime, although few people inherit a damaged gene from a parent. Normally, cells grow and multiply in the correct way. However, damaged genes can cause their abnormal behavior. They can develop into a lump called a
I started saving money for the trip to Athens. I didn’t have had any love experiences before. I was skeptical and I was scared of love. I wanted to be sure about what I was doing. I know I had fallen in love with him, but I didn’t want to
Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome was described by a Dutch physician name Jan Peutz in 1921. Jan Peutz noted signs in a Dutch family appearing with intestinal polyps and also had noticed mucocutaneous macules. John McHutchinson, a man who reported signs back in 1896, had a case involving a pair of twins