Essay about Liberal Democracy

1177 Words 5 Pages
Liberal democracy


To begin with Francis Fukuyama's, provocative thesis, that after the fall of communism in Europe and the withering of the grand ideological contests, history too has ended. In his "end of history" theory, he maintained that the western liberal democracy had become the `final form of human government'. The fact is that though not all theorists have this kind of a faith in liberal democracy, and believe that it's not the only feasible form of democracy, they are in a minority. The theoretical circles and the popular discourse have been dominated by "liberal democracy."

John Stuart mill's essay "on liberalism and considerations of representative
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<li value="2"> Since these civil liberties typically and directly affect those who enjoy them, people should be exempt for the interference by other, especially the state, even democratic state.
<li value="3"> He thought there should be certain areas in citizens' lives, which are free of state regulation and legal limits. Thus, he favored the preservation of the distinction between the public and the private realm and rule of law.
<li value="4"> Regarding democracy, he encouraged direct citizen participation for its functions of engendering confidence in the people about their ability to govern themselves, developing intellectual talents, and communal and moral values.

However, since direct participation was not possible in large societies, Mill thought the `ideal type of a perfect government would be a representative government'.

There are varieties of liberal-democratic theory that is to say that there are differences over the application of the liberal democratic principles, and not the principle themselves. For ex- there can be differences over how best to preserve civil liberties or to structure representative democracy.

A) Participation -This is an element that is not shared by all liberal-democrat theorists, for instance sartori and William riker. Some critics of liberal democracy view mill's enthusiasm for participationism as a deviation from the
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