Liberalism Philosophy

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Slide 1 - Ideology founded on the natural goodness of humans and the autonomy of the individual and favoring civil and political liberties, government by law with the consent of the governed, and protection from arbitrary authority. - advocates limited government, constitutionalism, rule of law, due process, individual liberties including freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and free markets Slide 2 Liberalism started as a major doctrine and intellectual endeavour in response to the religious wars gripping Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries, up until the cold war • Liberalism as a specifically named ideology begins in the late 18th century as a movement towards self-government and away from aristocracy. It…show more content…
• Today, classical liberals tend to see government power as the enemy of liberty, while modern liberals fear the concentration of wealth and the expansion of corporate power. • And like in any adoption to the times, the concept of classical liberalism as such can no longer exist in a modern day context as its principles were only relevant at the time its founding thinkers conceptualised them. Nevertheless, classical liberalism has once again enjoy a resurgence in today’s political and constitutional framework. Legal luminaries like Justice Clarence Thomas of the United States uses language in his SC decisions that articulates political and constitutional theories with roots in the ideals classical liberalism like limited government, the rule of law, personal responsibility and freedom from restraint. • Further, our basic fundamental rights to life, liberty and property take root from the Classical Liberalism Theory. SLIDE 5 Thomas Hobbes – born on Good Friday, April 5, 1588, was an English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy. His 1651 book Leviathan established the foundation for most of Western political philosophy from the perspective of social contract theory SLIDE 6 • The social contract or political contract is an intellectual construct that typically addresses two questions, first, that of the origin of society, and second, the question of the legitimacy of the authority
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