Life Of Extreme Conditions : Planet Earth

1677 Words Oct 12th, 2014 7 Pages
Life in Extreme Conditions
Planet Earth plays host to a myriad of exotic ecosystems and environments, both natural and artificial, from the deepest hyper-saline lake of the Dead Sea to the hydrothermal vents along mid-ocean ridges in the Pacific and even the nuclear radiated wastelands of Chernobyl. In these extreme environment where humans generally can’t live or would die there, organisms known as extremophiles flaunts life’s ability to exist inside the harshest of environments. In mankind’s quest to venture deep into the harshest of geophysical and geochemical environments which would seem detrimental to most life on earth, research and studies has led to the discovery of microbial life that boasts amazing flexibility for surviving in extreme conditions . These extremophiles as they are called are super-resilient microorganisms which have adapted through evolution to survive and flourish in extreme conditions such as extremely hot or acidic which would be completely inhospitable to complex organisms. However, these adaptations have restricted them to only the extreme spectrum of hospital environments, meaning they cannot live in moderate environments where more complex organisms thrive.
The term extremophile itself finds itself stemming from Latin and Greek origins with its translation from Latin “extremus” meaning extreme and from Greek “philiā” meaning love. Essentially as a “Lover of extremes”, there are variations which are named accordingly to their environments…

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