Life of Dr. Jose P. Rizal

6588 Words Aug 1st, 2009 27 Pages
José Rizal

|Date of birth: |June 19, 1861. |
|Place of birth: |Calamba, Laguna, Philippines |
|Date of death: |December 30, 1896 (aged 35) |
|Place of death: |Bagumbayan (now Rizal Park), Manila, Philippines |
|Major organizations: |La Solidaridad, La Liga Filipina |
|Major monuments: |Rizal Park |

José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda[1] (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896, ancestral home: Quanzhou, Fujian[2]), was a Filipino polymath, nationalist and the most prominent advocate for
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Upon enrolling at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, José dropped the last three names that make up his full name, at the advice of his brother, Paciano Rizal Mercado, and the Rizal Mercado family, thus rendering his name as "José Protasio Rizal". Of this, Rizal writes: "My family never paid much attention [to our second surname Rizal], but now I had to use it, thus giving me the appearance of an illegitimate child!"[11] This was to enable him to travel freely and disassociate him from his brother, who had gained notoriety with his earlier links with Filipino priests who were sentenced to death as subversives. From early childhood, José and Paciano were already advancing unheard-of political ideas of freedom and individual rights which infuriated the authorities.[12][13] Despite the name change, Jose, as "Rizal" soon distinguishes himself in poetry writing contests, impressing his professors with his facility with Castilian and other foreign languages, and later, in writing essays that are critical of the Spanish historical accounts of the pre-colonial Philippine societies. Indeed, by 1891, the year he finished his El filibusterismo, this second surname had become so well known that, as he writes to another friend, "All my family now carry the name Rizal instead of Mercado because the name Rizal means persecution! Good! I too want to join them and be worthy of this family name..."[11] José became the focal point by which the family became known, at

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