Essay on Lifeboat Ethics: the Case Against Helping the Poor

900 Words4 Pages
Garrett Hardin, biologist from Stanford, used the metaphor of Earth being a “spaceship” persuading other countries, industries and people to stop polluting and washing natural resources of the world. He illustrates that the “spaceship” is represented by the wealthy countries, and the natural resources are represented as the poorer countries of the world. The wealthy people of the world have all the resources they need to survive and more, while other hand the poorer countries are unfortunate. Their rations are broken up into smaller and smaller portions because of their growing population and it lessens the resources to everyone of that country. Hardin's argument is based on sharing. He proposes that the bigger countries should share what…show more content…
Food banks were popular even in Hebrew times. Under a system of private property, the men who own property recognize their responsibility to take care of it, if they don't they will eventually suffer. “A farmer for instance, will allow no more cattle in a pasture that its carrying capacity justifies” (417). The land that farmers have only a certain amount of cattle can populate the land. If the cattle over populate the land then there will not be enough food for all the cattle which would lead them to starvation and die. As for the lifeboat metaphor, Hardin also uses logos to express his claims. “Poor countries have none. If poor countries received no food from the outside, the rate of their population growth would be periodically checked by crop failures and famines” (419). In conclusion to this statement, without the help of the outside countries the poor will have no food and will starve to death. “On the average, poor countries undergo a 2.5 percent increase in population each year; rich countries, about .8 percent. Only rich countries have anything in the way of food reserves set aside, and even they do not have as much as they should” (419). Though the rich are able to survive from their wealth, they also, in case of an emergency, have food put aside. “Because of higher rate of population growth in the poor countries of the world, 88 percent of today's children are born poor, and only 12 percent rich.
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