Lifelong Changes Necessary for Diabetes Mellitus

1751 WordsFeb 4, 20187 Pages
Diabetes Mellitus is a common chronic disease requiring lifelong behavioral and lifestyle changes. It’s a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from lack of insulin, of insulin resistance, or both. It is a major public health problem worldwide and also a leading cause of new cases of blindness, end stage kidney disease, and foot or leg amputation. 3 General classifications of Diabetes Mellitus are: type 1 and type and Gestational. 1. Identify and compare risk factors for Type 1 and Type II DM (NIDDM, IDDM). Type 1 Diabetes is an insulin deficiency. The pancreas is not producing insulin at all. Idiopathic, and autoimmune. Risk factors for this disease include: A sibling with type 1 diabetes, apparent with type 1 diabetes, and being Caucasian. Type II diabetes is an insulin resistance with varying degrees of insulin secretory defects. The pancreas still produces some insulin but it’s not enough. Risk factors for type II diabetes are: Having a family history of the disease, being overweight, secondary lifestyle, not exercising regularly, having a low high-density lipoprotein, or high triglycerides, having a gestational diabetes during pregnancy, also African American,Hispanic/Latino American, Native American, or Asian American/Pacific Islander. 2. Discuss pathophysiology of Type 1 and Type II DM. Identify and compare the signs and symptoms of type I and type II DM. Type 1 diabetes is a chronic illness characterized by the body’s inability to
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