Lifespan Perspectives

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Lifespan perspectives ***** ******** Psy/375 June 25, 2012 ***** ******* Lifespan perspectives Although humans seem very different from one another, each human develops partly like everyone else, yet partly like no one else. Most of the time human’s attention is focused on one another’s unique qualities instead of realizing how similar humans really are. In fact, as humans, almost everyone has traveled some similar path. People such as, President Barack Obama, Joan of Arc, and Marilyn Monroe shared similar paths of life span development. Each one began to walk at approximately age one, began to talk sentences at about age four, as young children they played with toys while imagination worked wonders, and as young adults they…show more content…
Although irrational, many of these drives originated during childhood. According to this theory a child’s first six years of life is divided into three stages. These three stages, characterized by a type of sexual pleasure, are as follows, oral stage, anal stage, and phallic stage. Oral stage is present during infancy. It holds the idea that the mouth is the erotic body part. The anal stage, present throughout toddlerhood, holds the idea that the anus is the erotic body part. The last stage, phallic stage, is present during the preschool years. This stage holds the idea that the child’s libido declares his or her genitalia as their erogenous zone. After these three stages there is latency, and then genital stage (Berger, 2008). John B. Watson introduced the second grand theory of behaviorism. This theory opposed the ideas of unconscious and hidden urges. Watson argued that the study of psychology should focus on what we can see and measure instead of what we cannot (Berger, 2008). Behaviorists seek to understand how environmental responses and simple actions shape our development and decisions. Behaviorists believe that human behavior is learned. This belief gives behaviorists the second title of learning theorists (Berger, 2008). Behaviorist Ivan Pavlov introduced the ideas of classical and operant conditioning as ways that humans and other species learn. Classical conditioning promotes the idea that a positive or
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