Liliana Garces Affirmative Action Research

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The past has shown that minorities do in fact have equal opportunities compared to the white majority, but they do not use them. There are statistics from the AAMC saying the average MCAT scores and GPAs of applicants who are Latino, Black or American Indian are lower than those of their White and Asian American peers (Liliana M Garces). Liliana M. Garces is an Assistant Professor in the Higher Education Program and a Research Associate in the Center for the Study of Higher Education at The Pennsylvania State University. With her contributions to this area of study, people can see how the ever-growing population of minorities in the United States is becoming an issue. If the minorities can now still get into colleges and universities with these…show more content…
There is an examination of the admission rates that demonstrates the mechanism by which the freshman pool of African American and Latino students has shrunk so dramatically” (Patricia Gandara). In California, these supposed benefits of affirmative action are not being seen. A study run by Liliana Garces “documented a 5% decline (from 2,010 to 1,906 students) from 1995 to 1996” of the minority group that was attending “five selective public law schools in California, Texas, and Washington” (Garces). These statistics help notify the public that affirmative action in these few states is actually having a reverse effect on these people, and in this situation affirmative action is creating no benefits for minorities. A similar study performed at UC Berkeley stated that “even as Chicano/Latinos increased their representation in the applicant pool at UC Berkeley from approximately 13 percent in 1995 to 19 percent in 2010, they experienced… nearly [a] 75 percent decline in the rate of admissions compared to just over 40 percent decline for whites” (Gandara). The facts prove that affirmative action at prestigious colleges is not helping minorities become accepted. It is a useless effort that the government is wasting their time on. Therefore concluding that affirmative action within this area is useless and leads many to wonder if we should even waste time on the…show more content…
There were a large “series of federal court decisions, culminating in the high court’s Franks v. Bowman Transportation decision in 1976, prohibited affirmative action in layoffs” (Dennis Deslippe). Dennis is a highly regarded associate professor of Women's, Gender, and Sexual studies at Franklin and Marshall College. He has devoted his whole life to studying equality within the United States and its effects. His writing prompt ideas that the United States government realized through a court case exhibits how ineffective the affirmative action really was and this proposes that affirmative action was not necessary for society, especially in a time of need for the American citizens. The United States government were not the only ones to push against this idea. There were Jewish American organizations that “took the lead in lobbying government officials to abandon policies,” and argued that “not only violated individual rights but might also revive quotas like the ones that kept racial and religious minorities out of the nation’s most prestigious institutions through the mid-twentieth century”(Dennis Deslippe). The court systems at the time were not the only ones to notice just how unjust the affirmative action plans were. Every day people came to rise up in a voice against these laws that went against the Bill of Rights. Which is examined when Allan
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