The secession of South Carolina on December 20, 1860, by a vote of 169-0 was a response to the election of Abraham Lincoln of 1860. Lincoln perceived as an abolitionist wanted to contain slavery rather than ending it. The majority party above the Mason-Dixon line were Republicans and below were primarily Democrats and Republicans were viewed as abolitionists. The election of a Republican threatened the South’s status quo. The primary catalyst for secession was based on slavery. Different social cultures and political beliefs developed due to the South’s intimate and reliant relationship on slavery. Southern whites feared the end of slavery and this paranoia was shared among plantation slave owners and white Yeoman farmers. Southern whites felt that the North were threatening the supposed tranquility of the South. The South’s agrarian economy, honor, and independence were believed to be in danger. Slavery was intertwined with the South’s social, cultural, and economic makeup. As a result of slavery, the South developed a paternalistic culture and racial ideology of white supremacy. The perceived notion that the North was influencing it’s political and social beliefs on the South lead them to believe that secession was the only act of self-preservation. The growing differences between the South and North made it difficult to negotiate. This fear was exaggerated and accelerated the South’s eventual implosion. The South believed that without slavery it would self-destruct and
The controversy over slaves ultimately led to the secession. Abraham Lincoln thinks slavery is wrong and he wants to stop it from spreading. Earlier, he had warned that slavery could separate a nation. In the 1860 election Lincoln is elected, but southerners are worried he will end slavery forever. Southern states start to secede because they are worried. First South Carolina succeeds, then North, Texas, and then Florida too. They give themselves a new name called the Confederate States of America. (Wise...)
President Abraham Lincoln took office on November 6, 1860, three months later eleven states seceded from the Union to form the Confederate States of America. Lincoln wanted to eradicate slavery and issue the Emancipation Proclamation. He knew it would be hard to unite the north and south, due to southern reliance on slavery in the cotton fields. Confederates were fully aware of President Lincoln’s plan to abolish slavery
In 1860 a new president was going to be elected to the US. The newly elected president would have to deal with the issues of slavery and what to do with the west. The Democratic Party split into 3 groups and was running against Republican Nominee Abraham Lincoln. The Democratic Convention adjourned without nominating anyone. Different elements of the Democratic Party then chose their own candidates John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky, who represented the Deep South Democrats, and Stephen A. Douglas, who represented the Northern and border-state Democrats. The Constitutional Union Party, comprised of former Whigs and other factions, nominated John Bell of Tennessee as its candidate. Each group had their own theories on how to change the country and avoid war. On November 6, 1860 Abraham Lincoln won the presidential election. He received 1,866,452 popular votes and 180 electoral votes in the 17 of the 33 states. He did not win one southern state in the election of 1860 and wasn’t even on the ballet in the southern states. The reason that Lincoln had some many electoral votes was because he won all the northern states, which had higher populations than the southern states. In response on December 20, 1860 South Carolina declared that they would secede from the US. This happened 3 months after Lincoln was elected president the first real actions of the south separating from the north happened. They were seceding because a geographical line has been drawn across the Union, and all
Jonathan Mejia Professor Costanzo U.S. History to 1865 9/23/2016 Argumentative Historical Essay The southern states secession from the union occurred in 1860 to1861, and the confederate states of America was formed. The main reason for the southern states feeling the need to leave was the issue of slavery. Slavery and the right to secession were two of the biggest issues the Democratic party made sure to defend. The attempts at compromise by the south did not involve giving up slavery. Once the southern states saw no other options and seceded they issued reasons of secession and slavery was the main point in all of them.
The union vs. states rights New territories were being settled. The South wanted new territories to be admitted to the Union as Slave states. This was mainly to prevent the slaves from escaping to the free territories. However, the North believed that those new territories remain free. States Rights was the idea that these territories have the right to vote whether to be free or slave. Lincoln was elected president November 6,1860, whom had declared” Government cannot endure permanently half free and half slave. South Carolina immediately removed from the Union along with six other states to dorm the Confederate States of America(CSA). The South feared that Lincoln would free the slaves and take away their economy and way of life.A moral issue In the nineteenth century slavery was not a moral issue, but more of an economic issue first and a moral issue second. This was mainly because the South’s economic system was based solely on cotton which was produced by the slaves. If the slaves were taken away that would immediately bring the collapse of its socio- economic system. The whole concept of America becoming a country was based on all men being created equally, yet they allowed slavery because it was a major part of the economy.In conclusion Slaves were eventually free at the end of the Civil War with the ratifying of the Thirteenth amendment of the constitution. This was first passed December 6, 1865 later being ratified to
The Confederate States decided to secede from the United States in 1860 starting with South Carolina and was followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama. Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas about 2 months later in 1861. The South justified seceding from the Union because the Northern states were failing to do what was required of them, some states were elevating free blacks and using their votes to support anti-slavery policies, and the Republican Party was planning to wage war on slavery upon taking office.
The south realized that they were losing governmental power and wanted to secede. The south was also afraid that the northern government would abolish slavery in the south. When the states declared seceding was constitutional, Lincoln disagreed.They claimed that they joined the union voluntarily, so they should be able to leave it voluntarily. However, in Abraham Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address on March 4, 1861, he made it a point that seceding was unconstitutional. He claimed, “No proper government ever had a provision in its organic law for its own termination.” Finally, in 1861, eleven states formed to create the Confederate States of America.
The secession of the South began when South Carolina declared they were no longer part of the Union. South Carolina disagreed with the fact of them ever becoming part of the United States in the start, However, according to Dan Bryan, South Carolina was forced to. It was also went on to say that any chance, like the election of Abraham Lincoln. That South Carolina had to secede was going to be taken. November 6, 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected as president, subsequently South Carolina seceded a month later as promised.
In the United States during 1860 at the time of Abraham Lincoln’s election, seven states decided to succeed because Lincoln was anti-slavery and slavery is what the South thrived on while the north focused on manufacturing and industrial work. The seven southern states that succeeded from the nation(South Carolina, North Carolina, Arkansas, Texas, Virginia, Florida, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi) became the Confederate States of America. It grew from seven to eleven states when the first shots were fired in the Civil War at Fort Sumter when the Confederates lead an attack. At the end of the war, when the last Confederate army surrendered, the Confederate States had to sign a proclamation before rejoining the Union. Slavery wasn’t abolished until 1865 at the end of the war when the 13th amendment was put into place. At the end of the war a approximately 620,000 casualties were recorded and millions of injuries. Most injuries led to amputations.
Jeni Wenze October 17, 2015 HIS 112-166 On April 26, 1852 the South Carolina State, justified its intentions to secede from the United States due to the increased violations of the Constitution by the Federal Government as well as its limitation on the reservation rights within the States. In 1860 after Abraham Lincoln election the South thought that the government was becoming too powerful, which led South Carolina to secede as the first state from the United States Union. However, remaining as part of the United States would be the best resolution for South Carolina.
It all started in 1850, when the compromise was presented. Stating that California This was not for the benefit of us. He was speaking of ending slavery and that was seen as a direct threat to us. So, soon after he became president we decided to become our own nation, the Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union was presented. In here we state “We, the people of the State of South Carolina, in convention assembled, do declare and ordain, and it is hereby declared and ordained, That the ordinance adopted by us in convention on the twenty-third day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight, whereby the Constitution of the United States of America was ratified, and also all acts and parts of acts of the General Assembly of this State ratifying amendments of the said Constitution, are hereby repealed; and that the union now subsisting between South Carolina and other States, under the name of the "United States of America," is hereby dissolved.”2 and we were not the only ones, oh no. Other states soon followed our footsteps. Next were Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North, Carolina, and lastly Tennessee. Slavery is all we wanted. It was what kept everything going. We then elected Jefferson Davis as the President of the Federal Union.3 the following year is when we really made the stand for ourselves. We went to war with the
When Abraham Lincoln was elected, seven states starting with South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas seceded from the Union and formed Confederate States of America (P.397), and soon after, four more states including: Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee joined them (P.400). The Confederate States were mainly slave states that perceived Lincoln as a threat to the southern institution and its foundation; slavery. Although Lincoln had an anti-slavery position, which means that he was opposed the idea that slavery spreads into new territories, not an abolitionist, the Confederate States dreaded that they might lose their power in their territories (P.397). President Lincoln rejected the right of
Immediately after taking office, the votes were increasing among Southerner s who wanted now to separate the confederation. To The Union, the reception of Lincoln was even more important than the abolition of slavery. Lincoln did not want war with the South, and told them that the government would not attack. But if they were to solve his debt by his oath of office, a division, if necessary, would be prevented by militarily force. Jefferson Davis, Lincolns’ opponent, was the leader of the southern states and called himself president of the Confederate States of America. The southern states, also called "Confederate", would not take any part in further negotiations. On April 12, 1861 Confederate troops began with attacks on facilities of the
The Civil War was a devastating time for the United States of America. During this time the United States was divided. The Civil War was a four year long battle. It is known as one of the bloodiest battles ever fought. Consequently it was fought between people of the same