Linda Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka Essay

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1868 marked a proud year for African Americans with the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment to Constitution. It proclaimed that “no state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”1 This essentially color blinded government, and granted all citizens (a category which finally included African Americans) what is described in the document as indisputable equality.
While this was a milestone in the progress for Black rights, this seemingly problem-solving legislation for former slaves did not
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The 1954 court case, Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka ruled that Linda Brown, a black student who was denied admission into her local elementary school on the basis of her race, was in fact a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment. A unanimous court decision broke the long tradition of de jure segregation riding on the justification of “separate but equal” facilities. It was Chief Justice Earl Warren’s ruling that finally shed light on the fact that “Separate Educational facilities [were] inherently unequal” and that it resulted in the “deprived protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment.”
This crucial decision did not go over smoothly with all Americans. Rather, it heightened tensions and conflicting opinions in the United States. This is exemplified through the Declaration of the Ninety-Six Southern Congressmen’s argument, which stated that Brown vs. Board of Education represented “a clear abuse of judicial power” in that it deepened the authority of the federal judiciary to legislate, while infringing the reserved rights (education being one of those rights) of state sovereignty. This was the general belief of the south since the antebellum and civil war years in regard to the slavery issue.
The Brown vs. Board of Education case represented a step in the right direction for racial

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