Linguistic Borrowing & Loan Words: Theoretical Considerations

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Linguistic Borrowing & Loan Words: Theoretical Considerations One of the fundamental features of language is that it is always changing. Language change is the manner in which the phonetic, morphological, semantic, syntactic and other features of a language are modified over time. Two linguistic disciplines concern themselves with studying language change: Historical Linguistics and Socio Linguistics. Historical linguists examine how a language was spoken in the past and seek to determine how present languages derive from it and are related to one another. Sociolinguists are interested in the origins of language changes and want to explain how society and changes in society influence language.
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Any visitor to India will be amazed as well as amused to find so many English words being used to advertise Punjabi/Indian products.
1.4.5 Motive of Identification
In the words of Hockett, “People emulate those whom they admire, in speech patterns well as in the other respects. European immigrants to the United States introduce many English expressions in to their speech, partly for the other reasons, but partly because English is the important language of the country.” Sometimes it is not the admiration but identification, ‘The imitator does not necessarily admire those whom he imitates, but wishes to be identified with them and thus be treated as they are. The results are not distinguishable and we, and we can leave to the psychologists the fine shades of sorting out of the differences .” 1.4.6.Need Filling Motive
The most obvious reason for the borrowing is to fill a gap in the borrowing dialect or language Whenever the people come across an unfamiliar thing, a creature or a phenomenon in a foreign country or among the alien community they feel curious to know its name. The new experiences, new objects and practices bring new words in to the language. It does not matter whether the new objects and practices come to the community by way of what the anthropologists call ‘diffusion’ or the community goes to the new objects and practices, by way of migration; the result is the same. Tea, coffee, tobacco, sugar, cocoa,
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