Linux And Windows And Linux

1039 WordsSep 27, 20165 Pages
1. What are Linux distros? Mention the names of a few distros. Are all of the distros open source and free? • Linux distros i.e. Linux distributions, is a merging of all the different parts and programs that is created by different organizations. • Some of the Linux distros are Ubuntu, openSUSE, Debian, Slackware, Gentoo, Arch Linux. • Not all of the distros are open source and free. 2. What is the significance of file extensions (.txt, .pdf, .docx, .jpeg, etc) in Windows and Linux? For example, there is a file named as “hello.mp3” in windows and Linux. What type of file will it be in Windows and Linux? Briefly explain. • In windows almost every file require the use of extension in order for the system to function. • In Linux operating system they do not require the use of extension. • In Linux, the extensions are used only to make the user understand the type of file. • TYPE OF FILE: o In windows: hello.mp3 will be a mp3 file only and the extension is important to be specified. o In Linux: hello.mp3 is considered as a normal file which can be used for texts, video etc 3. Briefly explain metacharacter “>” and “>>” in Linux with an example • Special character in data field or program that provides information about other character. • “>” this metacharacter is basically used as ‘command > filename’ .Sends the output of the command on the left into the file named on the right of this symbol. If the file does not exist, create it and if does exist, overwrite it eg. cal >

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