Lipid Profile Essay

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Abstract Introduction: Abnormal lipid profile causes maternal mortality and impairs fetal development. This study investigated the effect of Ramadan fasting on plasma lipid profile in pregnant women. Material and Methods: This self-control, cohort study was performed in healthy volunteer fasted pregnant women. Serum cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), and body mass index (BMI) were measured on 0, 7th, 14th, and 28th days of Ramadan, and two weeks after Ramadan. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS. Results: The mean age and BMI of participants was 26.9±6.4 year and 25±4.2 kg/m respectively. Weight and BMI of women did not change during the study. Cholesterol and LDL significantly increased during Ramadan and decreased after Ramadan (p< 0.05 and data analysis was performed by SPSS version 17 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL, USA). Results…show more content…
Weight and BMI of women did not change during the study. Cholesterol and LDL significantly increased during Ramadan and decreased after Ramadan. Tests of within subject contrasts showed a significant increase in the cholesterol and LDL in the fourth week of Ramadan compared to the first week (P< 0.01). Some studies about the effect of lipid profile in Ramadan fasting in healthy individual have been done, as well. In a study, serum cholesterol and TG significantly decreased in Ramadan fasting (19). According to Adlouni et al study (8), the TC and LDL-C significantly decreased during Ramadan. These two studies are not consistent with our study. In a study Ramadan fasting led to significant increase in LDL (29). Another important finding in our study was that TC and LDL significantly increased during Ramadan and decreased after the Ramadan. The rise in TC and LDL may be due to an increase in hepatic lipase activity and a decrease in lipoprotein lipase activity
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