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Lisfranc Injury Research Paper

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Lisfranc injury is the term used to describe a dislocation on the foot wherein the metatarsal bone/s is displace from the tarsus. Lisfranc injury is named after the French surgeon and gynecologist, Jacques Lisfranc de St. Martin who described the nature of the injury. Causes of Lisfranc injury can either be direct or indirect. • Direct injuries result to crushing of the foot such as someone landing on his foot from a fall, heavy objects falling to a foot and foot being ran over by a car. • Indirect injuries usually involved twisting of the foot such as the rotational force on a downward pointing forefoot. Several sports and activities are also prone to Lisfranc injuries such as: • Football • Wakeboarding • Wind surfing • Snowboarding • Kite surfing Classifications of the Lisfranc injury: • Isolated -…show more content…
This is also indicative of a cuboidal fracture. Signs and Symptoms of a Lisfranc injury are: • Worsening pain when you either stand or walk. • The area above the foot is swollen and painful. • Bruising on both top and bottom areas of the foot. Visible bruising at the bottom highly denotes that a Lisfranc injury is present. Diagnosis of the injury are: • X-ray. Abnormalities and deformity of the midfoot should be obvious during x-rays. There will be a space between the base of the first and second toes. • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is not usually a requirement to undergo an MRI to diagnose a Lisfranc injury though it helps show a better image of the soft tissues on your foot just like the tendons. • Computerized tomography scan (CT scan). Just like MRI, CT scan may also not be required by your doctor to diagnose a Lisfranc injury though it provides a more detailed view of your foot compared to x-rays. CT scans are usually suggested when surgical operations are needed to help plan the surgery as it shows the extent of the injury as well as the number of joints it has affected.
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