Literacy Development

2585 Words Jan 1st, 2013 11 Pages
NAME: Keneisha Blair
LECTURE: Ms. Palmer
I.D#: SW9011/11

Emergent literacy

According to May (1990, p. 59) emergent literacy is the process of learning. It is a product of children’s explorations with concepts and conventions about language with which they are familiar.

Two Early Literacy behaviours in young children

* Pretend reading * Scribbling

Two activities that can be used to enhance and cater for pretend reading

Young children imitate what they see adults do in society. On such thing is reading. Children will take up any form of literature and pretend that they are reading. To enhance and cater for this behaviour parents and teachers can:
Activity 1 The teacher or parent should ensure
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This is so because if students have to pause to decode words in each sentence then the reading will not be fluent. According to Balsiger, fluent readers have highly automatic word recognition, and the skills to sound out unfamiliar words; dysfluent readers make frequent mistakes, have poor word recognition, skip words, substitute similar-appearing words, and struggle with unfamiliar words. Reading speed refers to the rate at which pupils read. It should be noted that both children and adults vary their reading speed depending on how difficult the text is and its purpose. But, extremely slow or fast reading is often a characteristic of a dysfluent reader.
Finally, prosody is the ability to orally read sentences expressively. This incorporates proper phrasing and intonation. Dowhower (1991, p. 166) stated that prosody is the ability to read in expressive rhythmic and melodic patterns.

Kelly to give

According to Sheakoski (2012), a strategy that can be used to improve fluency in reading is repeat reading. Students can increase fluency skills using the repeated reading strategy during which they read a short passage repeatedly. It should be noted that fluency is more than just pronouncing words correctly, it also encompasses the process of fully and smoothly conveying what the text is about. The ability to read fluently is a predictor of comprehension. This is mainly because the more fluently one reads the easier it is for him or her
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