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Literacy For The 21st Century A Balanced Approach

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Summary of chapters: Tompkins, E Gail. (2014). Literacy for the 21st Century A Balanced Approach
1. It is imperative for teachers to not only monitor their students’ behavior in the classroom, but also to assess their students’ literacy development effectively, so they could be ensured of their students’ learning progress, which is the most significant point Tompkins makes in Chapter
2. Chapter one in Tompkins book Literacy for the 21st Century A Balanced Approach mainly focuses on the strategies students use to either decode tricky words or help them understand the meaning of a text. One main point Tompkins focuses on in the chapter is the classroom assessment tools, which simply breaks down into running record, rubrics, checklist
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Furthermore, she mentions about reading for a purpose. Lastly, one of the major components in the article is for students to read with a magnifying glass and question themselves as they read, as a way to extend not only their comprehension of the text but also to become more independent readers.
3. Assessment of Literacy Development in Early Childhood is a research that was conducted by Johnson, Peter H, and Rogers, Rebecca. Both authors highly believe in assessing literacy development, since it is a huge aspect in students’ literacy development. Both authors state, “Most literacy assessment occurs in the school years because, at least in most Western countries, literacy learning is considered the responsibility of the school, though when school literacy instruction actually begins…In the United States, since the thirties, literacy-related assessment has occurred in the early years of schooling because of beliefs about the relationship between learning and development” (pg. 1).

Making connections: article to article
The article Formative and Summative Assessment in the classroom has several of strategies to guide teachers to assess the students learning more effectively. Although their strategies method associated with the instructional phase of a lesson, there are also important to teach students so they could become independent. For instance, the author mentions, “Self and peer assessment” not only does it encourage students to be
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