Literary Analysis 1 Samuel 17:1-28

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LIBERTY UNIVERSITY LITERARY ANALYSIS 1 SAMUEL 17:1-58 SUBMITTED TO DR. GUEST IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COMPLETION OF OBST 591 BY DECEMBER 12, 2011 The account of David and Goliath is one most often taught to children. Many adult believers heard the account while growing up. To move beyond the superficial aspect of the events, an in-depth analysis is needed. The narrative is a complex literary work with deep theological messages. The current paper will record a literary analysis of 1 Samuel 17:1-58 and then discuss the theology and applications that can be useful in the lives of the modern day believer. The nation of Israel had asked God for a king. God had allowed this and Saul was…show more content…
Caleb confidently said that they should enter the land and take possession of it but the others were frightened. The account is similar to the men of Israel being terrified of Goliath and David being confident of God’s ability to defeat him. The account of Dagon, the pagan god, in 1 Samuel 5:4 fallen on his face before the ark of the Lord is perhaps connected intertextually with Goliath, the pagan warrior, fallen on his face at the hand of David, God’s servant. A couple of interpretative problems were identified. Why would Saul call David to play for him and settle his nerves in chapter 16 and then in chapter 17 not know David’s father? Many explanations have been offered. Some of the more plausible ones include that Saul was mentally tormented and thus may not have recognized David. It should be pointed out that Saul did not ask David’s name but the name of his father. Jesse was old and advanced in years at this time (1 Samuel 17:12). It is possible that Saul had never met Jesse. Saul had a reason to be interested in Jesse at this point because David killed Goliath and now his family would be exempt from taxes (v. 25). Another possibility is that this narrative originally may have been a separate account that the editor incorporated while compiling the books of Samuel. In essence, it does not follow in chronological order. The fact that the author deemed it necessary to record that David took five stones when
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