Literary Analysis : A Farewell To Arms By Ernest Hemingway

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Negative correlation is the relationship when one variable increases and the other variable decreases. Hemingway creates negative correlation throughout his novel, A Farewell to Arms. Hemingway uses a series of literary devices to exhibit negative correlation between the main characters. Henry and Catherine’s relationship illustrates the negative correlation between love and pain.
Throughout the novel, there is a foreshadowing of loss that is a consequence of Henry and Catherine’s love. Catherine reveals, just moments after meeting Henry, that she has lost a fiance once before. Catherine is hesitant to find love since she has lost love in the past.This revelation foreshadows that Henry and Catherine’s romance will have the same fate. Catherine has a constant conviction that bad things are going to happen. Henry attempts to get Catherine to marry him numerous times, and every time Catherine denies the request. While in Milan, Henry proposes the idea of marriage once again, but Catherine thinks “ ‘...they’d send me away,”(Hemingway 115). This instance foreshadows that Catherine has a feeling as though something bad is going to happen which could separate the two forever. Catherine’s bad conviction foreshadows that pain is going to be a consequence of the couple’s love. The doctor warns Catherine that she “was rather narrow in the hips…,”(Hemingway 294). As time goes on Catherine attempts to make their child small to save herself. The doctor’s warning provides the reader with foreshadowing of the loss of Catherine and her unborn child. Henry and Catherine’s child was created in love, yet loss will follow in their future. There is a foreshadowing of loss that is a consequence of Henry and Catherine’s love.
Temporary love is demonstrated throughout the book as Henry and Catherine continue their relationship. The grim realities of war prevent the romance of Henry and Catherine to remain long lasting. Henry must go on post for a few days and he does not inform Catherine that he will be gone. When Henry goes to see Catherine she asks, “ ‘Where have you been?’ “(Hemingway 29). Henry and Catherine were not together during this time and Catherine’s question of where Henry has been exhibits both the temporary state of
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