A crucible is a container which is heated to separate impurities mainly from metals and sometimes other substances. Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, takes place in a quiet Massachusetts town known as Salem. Rumors of witchcraft, however have unfortunately left the townspeople susceptible to blame one another. A quiet town virtually turned in a mad haven for blame, revenge, and dark satisfaction overnight. The reader witnesses all of these events unfold as they delve into the story of The Crucible and reveal how revenge reveals the motives of many characters.
Throughout history, the presence of fear has driven people to do and become the unthinkable. In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, a fear-stricken town turns against one another in a literal witch hunt where only few dare to speak out and risk their own prosecution. The town’s conflict not only shapes how the story turns out, but also shapes what the characters become. One of the most significant character changes in the play takes place in Reverend John Hale, who was once a proud man, eager to find witches, but then later became a remorseful one, desperate to save the accused. It is through his actions, his statements, and the other characters’ views on him that this gradual change is shown.
In the courtroom, things are intensifying, Abigail and Mary Warren are making ridiculous false accusations against John Proctor. Hale, who came to the town in order to investigate witchcraft knew that he was wrong before and that the girls have just gone mad. Before this, in act one, Hale believed that the devil was in Salem and there were witches. Interrogating Tutuba, he says, “You most certainly do [have power over Betty] , and you will free her from it now! When did you compact with the Devil?” (44; act one). Eventually throughout the play, he realizes he was wrong. Back in the courtroom, Hale is trying to tell the court that these accusations aren’t true, meanwhile Danforth won’t take it. Hale goes so far as to say, “I denounce these proceedings, I quit this court!” (120; act three). This is respectable because he knew it was wrong and spoke up about it when no one else would. Rev. Hale is someone who inspiringly changes his outlook on the situation and does his best to do the right
“The good man is the man who, no matter how morally unworthy he has been, is moving to become better,” stated John Dewey. Always trying to do the right thing and move on from past mistakes will allow people to see how you are trying to improve yourself; Reverend Hale is not always seen making morally correct choices, but he tries to distinguish the right path for him and the people of Salem. Reverend Hale, a morally ambiguous character, tries to prove that witchcraft is taking place in Salem and makes an effort to try and get those accused back to God; Hale tries to convince those accused to confess to witchcraft, to prevent them from being hanged.
In Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, Reverend Hale’s attitude and beliefs are changed completely as the play progresses. After Reverend Parris is a witness to girls dancing in the woods and also when his daughter becomes very ill, he calls Rev. Hale to Salem. Hale’s job is to find any form of witchcraft and to get rid of it. Over the course of the play, Rev. Hale experiences a transformation in his beliefs from the beginning of the play to the end. Reverend Hale has three different emotions throughout the play. When Hale is introduced in the the beginning of the play, he is passionate and very confident about finding witchcraft and getting rid of it. In the middle of the play, Hale is frustrated and he does not know who to trust nor
In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible the witch trials in Salem were a devastating time. The entire community was in disorder and chaos because of personal vengeance. This included accusations of innocent town’s people being called witches, so they hanged and were jailed. Throughout the play certain characters help the rise of witchcraft as well as the disapproval of all the innocent people who were being convicted for no reason. Reverend Hale is a dynamic character whom comes to rid of the evil spirits in Salem, yet he later tries to end the trials. Hale realizes the accusations are false, attempts to postpone the hangings, and persuade the victims to lie conveys that he is a dynamic character and changes throughout the play.
As the play progressed into the further acts there begins to be a change in Reverend Hale, in that he begins to use his reason over the idea of law. You begin to see Hale not rejecting the ideas of the people being accused in the name of law, but instead he begins to start to defend the people who are currently being prosecuted as he makes comments against the court. An example of this is when he gets to the point where he cannot accept the actions of the court in arresting Giles Corey and John Proctor and says, “I denounce these proceedings! I quit this court!” (111). This is Reverend Hale’s first time actually standing up to the court and taking down the courts actions. He is clearly showing a major change by turning down the idea of law in order to defend reason. In the story Reverend Hale acknowledges his change by saying, “Let you not mistake your duty as I mistook my own. I came into this village like a bridegroom to his beloved, bearing gifts of high religion; the very crowns of holy law I brought, and what I touched with my bright confidence, it died; and where I turned the eye of my great faith, blood flowed up”
Reverend Hale believes in his second thoughts of the devil not being such a thing, and sees that Abigail has been setting this all up and framing John Proctor to have his love. Pointing at Abigail, Hale says, “I believe him!...This girl has always struck me false!...”(Act III, 50) After Abigail over-exaggerates and makes the girls believe the devil is in their presence, and the people of the court believe them, Reverend Hale walks out in frustration. People of the court and town don’t know what else to believe because they always thought the girls were saying the truth about what they saw. Hale begins to see that a lot of people in the town of Salem, are corrupted in result of the witchcraft trials.
The tragic events of the Salem witch trials tested the morality of several individuals, who abided to a government based on religious intolerance and limitation. Arthur Miller’s “The Crucible” highlights the detrimental effects of the religious court, and the impact Puritan societal norms had on its citizens. Reverend Hale, a protagonist in the play serves as a balance between morality versus and the religious conformity that took place within society. His transformation throughout the play demonstrates his true intention in doing what is right and abiding by the correct ideals, instead of following the damaging priorities enrooted in the theocratic system. Throughout “The Crucible,” Reverend Hale transfers from adhering to a theocracy to prioritizing the true value of life, revealing his maintenance of a strong moral code.
From the beginning of the play, it was quite clear that Reverend Hale’s character was deeply rooted in his faith and understanding. Hale firmly believes that everything in life can be explained by books. This becomes evident when he is prompted about the weight of his books. He responds, “They are weighted with authority” (Miller, Act I). Hale believes that the truth
Furthermore, Reverend Hale was pushed to change also. Hale came into Salem a stranger, but knew how to fix the problem the town endured. He never questioned that God had a plan and always thought that something was either good or bad, with no gray area in between. This thinking is challenged when Elizabeth, a pure person, is accused and then later when John confesses. He knows that these people are honest and leaves the court for a period of time. In the end, Hale is a desperate man, and even though knowing there is no witchcraft present, he urges John to admit that he is not the one that should be punished. He has to question all the rules he has lived by his whole life and pursue something he knows is incorrect. In essence, Reverend Hale is pushed to his limits and is turned into a man that will be permanently in suspicion of any standards he ever thought were true.
Change is inevitable. Many humans fight it while others greet it with open arms and smiling faces. Most people change because of things that happen around, or to them. Negative or positive, the actions can dictate whether the individual changes for the worse or for the better. Reverend Hale in Arthur Miller’s The Crucible is the perfect example of this. He changes drastically, yet gradually, throughout the entire play. Hale progresses from conceited due to his abilities, to hesitant because of the great negative impact the witch trials are beginning to hold, and finally, he becomes regretful because of his ignorance and the actions it caused.
Imagine the year is 1692. In a small Massachusetts town a culture of highly religious folk live in peace. Salem. It´s late January and the reverendś young niece Abigail and only daughter begin to act strangely. Rumors of witchcraft fly through town and fear runs rampant.In around a year 200 people are unjustifiably accused and 20 sentenced to capital punishment. Who is next? The strange widow down the road? The Coreys? In a time of obscured justice, line were crossed and innocent lives lost. In his breakthrough play, The Crucible, Arthur Miller spins a tale not far from the truth.Letting his readers explore a gruesome tale of blind hatred. In Arthur Miller's The Crucible, Abigail Williams embodies the wrongdoings of the Salem Witch Trials.
Throughout American history, no matter what time period, humans have been categorized, discriminated against, and treated according to their class, financial status, and race. Many concrete and obvious examples of this have appeared throughout the years, ranging from the Salem witch trials in the late 1600’s, all the way to the recent civil rights movements in the 1950’s and 60’s. Social history uses personal stories to show how class/status and race played a part in the way people were treated in America.