An examination of the literature sources publication dates shows that six had been published in 1999 or earlier while the remaining 34 had been published in the following years. The relevance of the studies (considering that six were not current) was difficult to assess, although the fact that the study was of a qualitative nature shifts focus from their quantitative results and into their authoritative perceptions. Still, the use of quantitative findings from these publications could call into question their accuracy and how current they are since time is a factor that influences quantitative results. The fact that the authors did not indicate the weaknesses and strengths of the articles that were used is a negative against the research since readers are left to question the authentic nature of the studies and the authors objectively. This is because that authors could have only included what they deemed to support their opinions without regards to the research process thereby causing both Type I and Type II errors. Despite the shortcomings identified with regards to the literature review, it must be accepted that it included adequate information to allow readers to build a logical conclusion that matched that of the authors. This is particular true when it is considered that quantitative evidence was presented as evidence to support the different
News Media Framing of Serious Mental Illness and Gun Violence in the United States. A very recent article (2012) which provides reliable information. The main author not only has a PhD, but she also works in the Department of Health Policy and Management, which gives her the authority to write the article, the information that she uses comes from reliable
Epidemiology is the study of diseases and informs the public about the health epidemics and new standards put in place. They usually work in laboratories, businesses, and offices where they work on discovering many diseases and conducting research while also finding cures to new diseases. In order to become an epidemiologist, I will have undergo through 4 year as an undergraduate and obtain a Masters in Biology or Public Health. In high school, it is recommended for me take Biology, Chemistry or to have some type of science background in order to help me get best prepared. In this paper I will discuss the history of epidemiology, the pathway to get to this career, and why this job/career will be the best fit for me.
Public health strategies and interventions have changed drastically over time. Bloodletting is one of the most ancient forms of medical interventions. It originated in the ancient civilizations of Egypt and Greece, persisting through the Medieval, Renaissance, and Enlightenment periods (PBS). Doctors used the bloodletting method for every ailment imaginable; from pneumonia, bone fractures, and even wounds, bloodletting was as trusted and popular as aspirin is today.
The Hot Zone is all about the events that surrounded the outbreak of Ebola that occurred in the 1980s. The story begins when some personnel affiliated with a laboratory facility that conducts tests on monkeys mishandle the virus, in the process causing risk to the general population. In the process of containing the disease, Preston indulges in past similar knowledges in the wake of significant health risk. He (Preston) has adopted the tone of viral panic, vulnerability and regret to express the unimaginable suffering of victims that were directly and indirectly affected by Ebola.
When looking into the meaning of epidemiology often it is found that definitions may vary and are frequently identifiable specifically to the context. According to the World Health Organization, the definition of epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events (including disease), and the application of this study to the control of diseases and other health problems. Various methods can be used to carry out epidemiological investigations: surveillance and descriptive studies can be used to study distribution; analytical studies are used to study determinants (Epidemiology Definition,
|Therefore, “Epidemiology is, thus the study of what is upon the people. In modern terms, it is the science of the
As we all know the second epidemiologic revolution on the 20th century refers to the time where the focus on health care shifted from addressing communicable illnesses to combating non-infectious diseases with proper education, early detection, and treatment. The second era as this period is also commonly known has been characterized by advances in life expectancy and attention to chronic diseases. During the second portion of the 20th century a decline in cardiovascular diseases has been observed and documented. Why these improvements? These positive changes have been the result of new discoveries in biomedical sciences, preventive and curative interventions, and general improvement in hygiene (Faseb, 2005). Some of those preventive mechanisms in place are anti-smoking and drinking in moderation campaigns, promotion on wellness, weight control, and regular exercise as part of a medical approach, as well as emphasis on the importance of regular sleep patterns.
An opportunity to continue my search for knowledge presented itself, when I was awarded a scholarship to pursue a Master’s in Public Health. I knew that this experience would further develop my skills in epidemiology, environmental and occupational health practices, and health policy. These core subjects critical to public health are also synergistic with the practice of medicine. Furthermore, an MPH strengthens my ability to not only provide an elevated level of care, but also provides the tools to improve or develop policies that will benefit all future
Epidemiology is a key player in the field of interdisciplinary studies, spanning a wide range of topics. Medicine, journalism, data analysis, law, computer science, the list goes on. The job of finding out health information through research and communicating it to the public is daunting. In a world flooded with scare tactics, misinformation, and flashy headlines, how can a credible study get through? This is where journalism and marketing skills connect. Making useful,
14. Breslow L. Encyclopedia of public health. New York: Macmillan Reference USA/Gale Group Thomson Learning; 2002.
For the purpose of this assignment, Flinders University Student Learning Center guidelines (2011) will be very helpful for this paper’s written structure and for identifying the strengths, the Framework of Holland and Rees for Critiquing Research (2010) is deemed useful. The guide is particularly suggested for research on heath science and its other disciplines.
Epidemiology is an interesting subject, and having spent a significant amount of time learning about it, I feel as though I can apply this information to my life and to my future career. A proper understanding of the concepts of epidemiology, disease screening, and disease processes are essential to my career as a nurse. Understanding a disease as a whole allows one to understand its treatment, spread, and origin. Nurses are patient advocates and are responsible for providing education to their patients and their families. Understanding epidemiology will allow me to protect myself and to protect my patients with understanding disease and seeking to prevent it.
2.4 Critical Appraisal In order to assess the validity and usefulness of the papers, a systematic approach is used to critically appraise the research (Young and Soloman, 2009). All papers in this review have been critically appraised using the critical appraisal protocol CASP (Public Health Resource Unit (PHRU) 2007) which is a recognised tool (Aveyard 2010). These can be found in the appendix (appendices 1 – 5).
One of the most useful outcomes of studying epidemiology is learning how to evaluate critically the scientific literature (Aschengrau & Seage, 2008). Critical assessment of this literature is an important skill for public health professionals because the findings of epidemiologic research inform so many activities (Aschengrau & Seage, 2008). Munnoch et al. (2008) done epidemiological studies on S.Saintpaul infection occurred in Australia during October 2006 and found that cantaloupe production and processing practices pose a potential public health threat requiring regulatory and community education interventions. Based on main journal article written upon this subject, this article will analyse how epidemiological research has helped us