Literary Criticism of Exegesis on Matthew 16: 13-19 A

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Description: Exegesis on Matthew 16: 13-19 A. Literary Criticism Context. What follows and precedes your passage? Is your passage affected by this context? Matthew 16: 13-19 is where Jesus explains to the disciples for the first time that he is really the Messiah, which they had not known before, while Matthew had made his readers aware of the fact in the first chapter. Peter receives this knowledge as a revelation from God, which is why Jesus blesses him and commissions him as the new high priest or chief rabbi, to use the terminology as Matthew would have understood it: 13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, "Who do people say the Son of Man is?" 14 They replied, "Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets." 15 "But what about you?" he asked. "Who do you say I am?" 16 Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." 17 Jesus replied, "Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by man, but by my Father in heaven. 18 And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. This passage is preceded by a warning from Jesus about the Sadducees and Pharisees, and to beware of their false teachings, which is a common theme in Matthew. As usual, he rebukes them for their lack of faith and comprehension of his true mission and identity, and for their constant concern

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