Literary Elements of The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe

1247 Words Jul 12th, 2018 5 Pages
Edgar Allan Poe is an American writer and is considered the founder of the horror story. Most of his work is dark and gloomy. This can be seen both in his prose and in his poetry. Poe’s writings are sometimes considered bizarre as the writer himself, but in fact they are profoundly artistically developed. His literary creations are perfect examples of Romantic and Gothic literature. In them he explores the world of the human mind, including the imagination and dreams. He wants the reader to be able to fully envision the scene as if he was there in the story. A good example of this can be found in his poem “The Raven”, which was first published in 1845. Poe wrote it when he was going through some difficult times and this is reflected in the …show more content…
Metaphors transform normal phrases or words into poetical expression, which add to the artistry. Personification can also increase the level of artistry of a work by giving human abilities or qualities to an object, which is not considered a living creature. An example of this can be found in the third verse in its first line, “the sad … purple curtain”. Yet another form of figurative language used is onomatopoeia, which assists in imitating a sound that is connected to a certain object. For example “rapping”, “tapping” and “rustling” are words expressing various noises. This enhances one of the readers senses while reading, specifically his sense of hearing. The many forms of figurative language in “The Raven” add to the overall artistic feeling, decide how the poem will be read and aid in forming certain feelings experienced by the reader.
If figurative language enhances the artistic value of a written work, symbolism creates a certain depth to the way it can be interpreted. “The Raven” can be read without large interest or the reader can investigate what the author meant by the individual words and phrases. In this poem the most significant symbol is for sure a raven. It commonly represents death, evil or torment, but it is also a symbol of wisdom. This meaning is further enhanced when the raven sits “perched upon a bust of Pallas”, who was the Greek goddess of wisdom. The darker symbolism of the raven is also incorporated into

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