Literary Issues In Jane Austen's Pride And Prejudice

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Jane Austen is one of the many brilliant writers of the eighteenth century. In her book Pride and Prejudice, originally published in 1813, Jane faces society’s problems head on with her incredible use of literary elements like metaphors and satire, her wonderful use of setting to tell a story and her skillful use of point of view to portray the untold story of the eighteenth century societal problems. Jane uses her book, Pride and Prejudice to address the economic, political, feminist, sociological, and philosophical themes of the century through humorous portrayals of the social atmosphere of late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century England, as it mainly concerned itself with the English aristocracy.

The novel, Pride and Prejudice,
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Like most forms of literature, Austen deals with social issues through the use of satire and metaphorical references. While Mr. Darcy suffered from his large pride, Jane had many prejudices in the upper class. One instance is shown through a metaphorical reference in chapter ten. When Elizabeth walks with Mrs. Hurst she immediately leaves Ms. Bennett to join Mr. Darcy and Miss Bingley. The narrator then goes on to explain that, “The path admitted just three” (Austen 36). This metaphor was a direct reference to the English aristocracy of the early 1800’s. Miss Bingley, Mr. Darcy and Mrs. Hurst were considered equal in class and higher up while Elizabeth, who remained left alone, was ranked beneath their social class. Elizabeth's prejudices against Mr. Darcy were based on the things she knew about the upper class. While this instance plays a huge hand in her argument, most of her prejudices begin to diminish as the book progressed.
Throughout the book Austen uses satire to make fun of the morals, social structure and bias against women in the late-eighteenth, early nineteenth century in most parts of the story. Jane uses a character, Lady Catherine, to enhance her satire. Lady Catherine realized quickly that the Bennett family held no social grace, nor grace in general. They lacked the knowledge of understanding simple things like music and art which Lady Catherine had grown up around. After hearing that Mr. Darcy wanted to marry Elizabeth, Lady
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