Literary Techniques Poetry Analysis 1

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Literary Techniques:
Poetry Analysis 1
Diction and Imagery

Literary Techniques
• The meaning of a poem (i.e its focus, mood and the speaker’s attitude) is enhanced by four main types of literary techniques: • Diction
• Imagery
• Sound devices
• Rhythm, Rhyme and Repetition

• Diction is the choice of words a poet uses to bring meaning across.
In working through a poem, it is useful to question why a certain word is used, and what kind of effect is achieved with the choice and placement of the word.

• Analyze a word by its literal meaning first, then state whether there is an implied meaning based on its context:
“A rosy shield upon its back,
That not the hardest storm could crack.”
“The Dead Crab” by Andrew Young
• Why is “a
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How do we analyze a simile or a metaphor?
• Identify if it is a simile or a metaphor?
• Identify which object is being compared
(A)? What is it being compared to (B)?
• Describe characteristics of B to understand what is implied about A.


“I wandered lonely as a cloud” William Wordsworth


“My parents kept me from children who were rough /
And who threw words like stones” Stephen Spender


“Hold fast to dreams
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