Literary. The Passage, Isaiah 14:12-23, Occurs Within A

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The passage, Isaiah 14:12-23, occurs within a “poem about the fall of the king of Babylon.” Leading up to Isaiah 14:12-23, Isaiah 14:1-11 discusses the fall of Babylon and the love of the Lord for his people. It also discusses how Babylon rises again. In Isaiah 14:12-23, Isaiah takes an imaginative trip to Sheol. After “The Fallen Day Star Passage” (Isaiah 14:12-23), Isaiah tells the reader how the people have a belief that God can conquer Assyria, Babylon, and even beyond. He also prophesizes that the ultimate destiny of David and his kin is that they will be strong; whereas, the Philistines will have an unfavorable immediate fortune. The Fallen Day Star passage fits into the overall poem of Isaiah 14 by explaining how “the
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The poem is a lamentation. A lament or a qînâ, are verses that display a typical meter of 3/2. A qînâ has a climatic verse. The “climactic verse, which generally expresses the most painful lamentation, is positioned at about the middle of the poem.” Yet, Isaiah 14 is different and is not a typical “qînâ but rather as a māšāl, referring to the final deliverance of Israel. This suggests that, beyond the “elegy” about the death of a specific Babylonian tyrant, this song encompasses a larger dimension of meaning.” Isaiah is describing the death of the Babylonian king as well as looking forward towards the redemption of all of creation through conquering Lucifer. “In Biblical Hebrew, the verb [māšāl] means ‘to equal’.” The rulers, like Lucifer, have an aim and a goal of being equal to God. The use of the word māšāl, and the theme of equality also relate to the structure of the poem. The book starts out with ““You have become like us,” suggesting that the choice of this phrase to introduce the poem points to the existence of parallels/homologies in the song.” Scholars believe that the book is referring to other aspects of the whole canon.
The term “morning star”, found in verse 12 of chapter two, is a controversial term. Hirsch believes that the term “morning star” is literal and stands for the actual sun; whereas, other scholars believe it could be an allusion or metaphor. Motyer believes that the morning
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