Literature Review On GPA

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Introduction This literature review will be discussing the articles found for the effects on GPA as a college student. The factors that could affect GPA are sleep, caffeine, involvement in student organizations, exercise, and living on/off campus. The review will explain what articles are available for use when discussing these five factors and their effects on students’ GPA.
Sleep
As a college student, sleep is something you always want but cannot always receive. According to the Journal of Sleep Research, adolescents going to bed between the times of 10-11pm have the best GPAs (. Young adults getting between seven to nine hours of sleep have the highest GPAs and students who had a sleep deficit of 90% or more reported higher GPAs. In the study of “Sleep and Academic Performance in Undergraduates: A Multi-Measure, Multi-Predictor Approach,” there was a link found between sleep and GPA. The study found that “self-reported sleep quality and self-reported frequency of sufficient sleep were among the main predictors of academic performance…” Therefore, as the students reported getting more and better sleep, their academic performance was generally higher than those who didn’t sleep as well or as much. Generally, the literary articles believed that more sleep is linked to a higher GPA and there are several articles out there that have proved it with experiments and data.

Caffeine
Caffeine is a jolt of energy for college students if they’re running late, need to stay up to pull an all-nighter, or are just running off of 4 hours of sleep. However, caffeine isn’t the best option for these students to achieve excellence in their classes. The Journal of Primary Prevention states that students who reported consuming large amounts of caffeine were linked to poor GPAs and those who consumed the large amounts of caffeine also reported heart palpitations, difficulty sleeping, feelings of nervousness, and “jolt and crash” episodes. Caffeine has a negative impact on retention of information according to this article. In the study of “Is the Consumption of Energy Drinks Associated With Academic Achievement Among College Students,” researchers found that there was a negative correlation between the consumption of
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