Literature Review On Homelessness

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Introduction Chronic homelessness is a major social problem throughout the United States (Hodge, Di Pietro, & Horton-Newell, 2017). The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD's), 2017, states that a person is considered chronically homeless when they have been living in a homeless shelter or on the streets for a year or more. Chronic homelessness also refers to an individual who has a disabling condition that has led to a minimum of four episodes within three years (US Department of Housing and Urban Development, 2017). Homelessness is a widespread issue that impacts many individuals throughout the United States. Homelessness negatively impacts the life of an individual, and can be associated with many other factors that impede upon their ability to move forward in their lives (Toro, Wolfe, Bellavia, Thomas, Rowland, Daeschler, & McCaskill, 1999). Serious mental illness (SMI) is a pervasive element that impedes upon the lives of homeless people, and can hinder their ability to access resources available to them (Chum, Skosireva, Tobon, & Hwang, 2016). Is there a correlation between chronic homelessness and serious mental illness? This paper will review the association between SMI and homelessness, and identify factors that make the homeless different from the population at large. The learner will review within the literature the factors that exacerbate a homeless individual’s ability to embrace assistance while accessing services to
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