Literature Review On Leadership Effectiveness

906 Words4 Pages
This article, wrote by Alex Koohang and Melanie Hatch from Middle Georgia State University, Macon, GA, is about investigating leadership effectiveness in IT-centered organizations paying a particular attention to gender and levels of management. For it, a study with one hundred ninety-seven people (94 men and 103 women) from IT organizations who were occupying positions from the top to the low level of management was conducted. The instrument used for the study was divided into three leadership constructs (leading organization, leading people, and leading self). To collect data, a seven-point scale instrument that measures leadership effectiveness was used and to analyze them, the MANOVA (Multivariate Analysis of Variance) procedure was used. The study sought to find out whether there is a significant interaction between the variables of gender and levels of management on the combined variables of leadership effectiveness; it treated the leadership effectiveness categories (leading organization, leading people, and leading self) as dependent variables then, treated gender and levels of management as independent variables. The sample (N = 197) included top-level (27%), middle-level (43%), and lower-level (30%) managers working in organizations in various regions of the USA, that is, New England (12%), Middle Atlantic (11%), East North Central (14%), West North Central (8%), South Atlantic (19%), East South Central (3%), West South Central (7%), Mountain (8%), and Pacific
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