Literature Review On Project Management

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1. Literature review

3.1 Definition of project management and Project management processes.

i. Definition of project management:

The PMI (project management institute) defines project management as “the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities to meet or exceed stakeholders’ needs and expectations from a project”. The APM (association for project management) defines project management as “the most efficient way of introducing a change” achieved by 1.) Defining what has to be accomplished in terms of time, cost and various technical quality performance parameters. 2.) Developing a plan to achieve these and then working the plan, ensuring that progress is maintained in line with these objectives. 3.) Using appropriate project management techniques and tools to plan, monitor and maintain progress. 4.) Employing skilled people in project management including a project manager as the single point of responsibility for introducing a change and accountable for its successful accomplishment. The construction industry is the largest industry on earth. It will be more of any service than a manufacturing industry. Growth of this industry in reality is the indicator with the economic conditions of any country.
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2.) Science regarding Project Management involves the expertise, understanding, and competent application of the prescribed project management processes. These kinds of processes are usually intended to guide project supervisors and project teams in effectively carrying out key method steps (Emad Elbeltagi, 2009).

ii. Project management process:

Project management VS Project management in construction
Project management process: The process of setting the plan and doing it.
• Initiating
• Planning
• Executing
• Monitoring and Controlling
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