Literature Review On Stress And Burnout

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Descriptive Literature Review: Stress and Burnout in Mental Health Nursing “Nurses caring for psychiatric patients who have been referred by law-enforcement for example forensic psychiatric/mental health patients, including patients formerly termed ‘criminally insane’ (Steadman & Cocozza, 1978), would inevitably be subject to a greater risk of violence and aggression, and stress and burnout, compared with those working in any other field of nursing” (Mason, 2002 as cited in Dickinson & Wright, 2008). It is recognized that mental health nursing is extremely stressful, with the outcome leading to stress and burnout of mental health nurses. An investigation was done by Jones et al (1987) on stress in forensic mental health nurses in a…show more content…
Sherring, S., Knight, D, (2009), Sorgaard, W., Ryan, P., Dawson, I., (2010), Abdi, M. F., Kaviani, H., Khaghanizade, M., & Momeni, A, (2007) all used quantitative research method where as in Dickinson & Wright, (2008) used both quantitative as well as qualitative. The sample sizes in these four articles range from 196-475 participants with a mixture of both qualified and unqualified staff. The study methods used among the four articles were; Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the Mental Health Professional Scale (MHPS), the Psychosocial Work Environment and Stress Questionnaire, the General Health Questionnaire-28, and demographic questionnaires. Dickinson & Wright, (2008) and Sherring, S., Knight, D, (2009) had similar findings where there were high levels of emotional exhaustion to the point where participants took sick leaves and considered leaving their jobs. Contrarily, the findings of Sorgaard, W., Ryan, P., Dawson, I., (2010) and Abdi, M. F., Kaviani, H., Khaghanizade, M., & Momeni, A, 2007) revealed low levels of emotional exhaustion. Another major topic discovered in the findings of the research studies was workload size. Coffey, M., Coleman, M. (2001) & Jenkins, R. and Elliott, P. (2004) used quantitative studies while Edwards, D., Burnard, P., Coyle, D., Fothergill, A. and Hannigan, B. (2000) & Taylor, B. and Barling, J. (2004) used
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