Literature Review : The Home Language Essay

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Literature Review:
The home language helps to promote and preserve the cultural identity especially when people migrate to the Western countries (Kaur, 2010; Azzolina, 2007; Cavaluzzi, 2010); Del Carpio & Del Carpio, 2015). The reports from Statistics (2013) shows that in New Zealand, most commonly spoken languages after English are Maori, Samoan, Hindi, Northern Chinese, French and Yue (Cantonese).This paper will focus on the benefits of learning two or more languages during the early years of education. The children with strong home language base learn other languages easily and it helps them to develop their cognitive, linguistic and social-emotional skills (Magruder, Hayslip, Espinosa & Matera, 2013; Kaur, 2010; Ball, 2012, Nemeth, 2009). In addition, the theoretical perspectives of promoting children’s home language in the western countries will also be recognized. This paper is also aimed to investigate teaching strategies used to support the home language of culturally and linguistically diverse children in Aotearoa/ New Zealand.
Theoretical Perspective:
The development of a child is considered on the basis of his social cultural contexts which include family background, cultural values and educational settings (Rosa & Tudge, 2013; Ministry of Education [MoE], 1996). Hence, language learnt from family is called as mother tongue/home language which is vital for child’s unique identity, self esteem, self belongings and well beings (Kaur, 2010; Rosa & Tudge, 2013).
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