Literature Review of the Experiences of Obese Children Essays

2589 Words 11 Pages
Chapter 1 - Introduction
1.1 – Introduction and Background
1.2 – Research Aims
1.3 - Research Objectives
Chapter 2 – Methodology
2.1 – Why a Literature Review?
2.2 – Data Collection
2.3 – Data Selection
Chapter 3 – Findings
3.1 – Research Aim
3.2 – Research Objective
3.3 – Key Trends in Data
Chapter 4 – Discussion
Chapter 5 – Conclusions and Recommendations

Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1 Introduction and Background
Obesity is seen as the outcome of an imbalance of a person’s energy intake and the expenditure of this energy. This imbalance causes a person to store the unused energy and therefore gain weight. Sullivan (2004) also defines obesity as an excess of body fat and mentions that the level of obesity can be calculated arithmetically by the use of the Body Mass Index (BMI). A person would be referred to as overweight if their BMI exceeds 25 on the scale, whereas those who fall in the category of 30 or above are classed as obese, however throughout this study, the words ‘overweight’ and ‘obese’ will be used interchangeably even though over weight implies less excess body fat than obesity.

The relevance of obesity is continuing to grow, the phenomenon is on the rise as more people are becoming over-weight or obese. Caelers (2006) states that in the United States, some 24% of adults are obese, as are nearly 13% of children, between 1976 and 2000 had doubled, with this continuing to grow (AOA, 2002). Britain is not far behind with around 18%…