Literature Review on Mindfulness-Based Therapy Essay

11253 Words Oct 22nd, 2013 46 Pages
Mindfulness-based Interventions in the treatment of Generalised Anxiety Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder and Substance-use Disorders: An Evidence-Based Practice Paper

Jasmine, Kah Yan Loo
Student Number: 17262661


Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Bachelor of Psychological Science (Hons)


School of Psychological Science
La Trobe University, Bundoora Campus
Victoria, Australia 3086


Submission Date: 26 July 2012
Essay Supervisor: Professor Eleanor Wertheim
Word count:
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This act has been dubbed as the adoption of a “decentered perspective” or “cognitive distancing” (Hayes et al., 1999; Teasdale, Seagall & Williams, 1995).
In addition, mindfulness meditation has a different attitude towards “distracting” mental events, compared to typical meditation practices. In face of unavoidable unpleasant or irrelevant distractions that arise when an individual is being inanimate, one simply accepts it, instead of avoiding or suppressing it. The acceptance approach cannot be equated with being submissive or fatalistic in response to powerful affects (Cardaciotto, Herbert, Forman, Moitra, & Farrow, 2008; Orsillo, Roemer, Lerner, & Tull, 2004). More precisely, it indicates being entirely present with, but prevent getting caught up in, the unfolding mental, physical or environmental events or states that an individual is experiencing without making judgments (Breslin et al., 2002). This may help to avoid intensification of maladaptive or unpleasant thoughts.

Types of Mindfulness-based Interventions (MBI)
Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR).
MBSR is one of the most commonly adduced MBIs and has been demonstrated to be effectual or potentially effectual for a large number of psychological wellbeing and…