Literature during the Romantic Era

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Romanticism Introduction The Romantic era began in the late eighteenth century as a reaction against the Age of Enlightenment and was a period of great change and emancipation. The movement started as an artistic and intellectual reaction against aristocratic social and political norms of the Enlightenment and against the scientific rationalization of nature. During the Enlightenment literature and art were primarily created for the elite, upper classes and educated, and the language incorporated in these works was highly poetic, completely different from that spoken by the masses. Artists of the Romantic era accessed the ballads and folklore that was familiar to commoners, rather than from the literary works popular with the aristocracy. This shift in emphasis was most strongly manifested in the visual arts, music, and literature. This was the beginning of a period of artistic freedom, experimentation, and creativity. The movement stressed strong emotion, imagination, freedom from classical correctness in art forms, and rebellion against social conventions. Certain characteristics or themes of Romanticism can be found in all the artistic fields of that period. The Romantics greatly emphasized the importance of nature. One of the main characteristics of Romanticism in poetry is the beauty of nature found in the country life. Many attribute this to the industrial revolution, which had created large urban centers relocating large numbers of people from the country life
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