If a person find out that they are infected with HIV, treatment can slow down the progress of the virus There is no cure for HIV or AIDS. However, there are medicines that fight HIV and help people with HIV and AIDS live longer, healthier lives. Starting treatment early can mean the best health for you and a longer time before you develop AIDS or other infections. Unfortunately, most people do not find out they have HIV until the disease is at advanced stages. This limits the treatment options.
(2011) was a multi-continent, randomized, controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy on the speed of the disease process among HIV-1 infected and HIV-1 uninfected partners. In the study, 1,763 HIV mixed status couples were grouped into either early antiretroviral and delayed therapy groups. Inclusion criteria consisted of the HIV-1 infected participant having a CD4 count between 350 and 550 with no previous antiretroviral therapy usage, except to prevent mother-baby transmission. Participants attended three monthly sessions and then quarterly sessions until ill or requiring an additional amount of antiretroviral drugs (Cohen et al, 2011). The uninfected partners were tested each quarter for seroconversion, the period in time in which antibodies become detectable. The research study concluded that early antiretroviral therapy initiation had a greater effect on CD4 count than delayed antiretroviral therapy. The average CD4 count in the early therapy group originated at 400 and increased to 603 after 12 months of ART. A decline of CD4 cells were noted in the delayed group (Cohen et al, 2011). The authors concluded that a higher incidence of HIV transmission was noted in African countries and adverse effects were more likely to occur in the early therapy group. Early therapy had a positive effect on the HIV-1 uninfected and HIV-1 infected
There is no cure for the HIV virus. The early symptoms of HIV may not be noticed, but can include flu like symptoms. The virus can take anywhere from three weeks to three months before being detected by the host before realizing that there is an issue with their health. Although the disease may not affect the general public it can still cause a threat to others. Some of the late stages of HIV symptoms that inmates face are: bruising, fever, unexplained body rashes, chronic diarrhea. The prisons have some HIV prevention and treatment programs to benefit the inmates with AIDS (Adverting HIV/ AIDS). Some of these programs offer HIV testing, counseling treatment, care and support information, education and communication, and harm reduction program ( Adverting HIV/ AIDS). Although these benefits can help inmates prevent the spread of this deadly disease there should still be more done to prevent
Get In Care: Finding a doctor is vital as is a good counselor. Take time to read and understand what HIV is all about, how it affects you and those around you. Taking your medication is vital in helping you stay
Know the HIV status of your partner(s). If your partner is HIV-positive, make sure he or she has an undetectable viral load on HIV medicines.
Testing to see if you have been infected with HIV is easy. There is a rapid HIV test available where they use a blood sample to look for antibodies to HIV. This test takes about twenty minutes if positive follow up testing in necessary (Cdc.gov, 2014).
Human immunodeficiency Virus also known as HIV is a sexually transmitted disease. It attacks your body's immune system. The virus destroys CD4 cells, which help your body fight diseases. HIV damages your immune system and it leads to acquired immune deficiency syndrome also known as AIDS. AIDS is the final stage in HIV, and it’s a disease where severe loss of the body's cellular immunity occurs. The disease lowers the resistance to infection and malignancy. Anyone can get HIV/AIDS. Men, women, and children, of all different races and descents can get infected with the virus. People who are gay or straight can also be infected with HIV/AIDS. There is currently no cure for HIV/AIDS. HIV treatments may reduce
(Me) Even though HIV is a scary disease there are medicines that can stabilized your immune system. I would recommend first for you to complete some research on living with HIV. There are a lot of people who have become infected and live normal lives.
HIV has evolved in new varieties over the last dozen years. The virus is constantly changing due to natural selection and the environment of the patient's body. Inside the body, HIV replicates and every time it reproduces, random genetic copying mistakes mutations result in slightly different varieties of the virus going into the bloodstream. Some of these varieties will have traits that will make them resistant to certain drugs. Natural selection favors the drug resistant forms, causing them to survive and reproduce while causing medication to not work. It was discovered in 1970, that a patient suffering with HIV whose medication did not work, by going off the drugs made his virus population soon change from being resistant to every drug to then being susceptible. This was caused by the environment change in the body when stopping the medication. The non-resistant wild-type came back and started to replicate and soon outnumbered the drug-resistant strains. This resulted in a new treatment used today. If you take a patient that is resistant to medication, off the drugs for a certain amount of time and the virus reverts to the non-resistance wild-type, then hit it hard with a combination of drugs.
This is also the same exact way how it spreads. Some of the symptoms involve not being able to fight off viruses for a few weeks, some people don’t even show signs for 4 years. Left untreated can HIV can become aids after a few years it will also wear down your immune system more and more after time. They look at the antibodies and what they are attacking, but normally it takes several months for the number of antibodies to match the virus. The virus can be treated by using the following items, protease inhibitors, integrase inhibitor, etc. The way one can prevent contact the disease is by avoiding sexual contact with someone who you know has HIV, also not come to contact with their bodily fluids like blood. HIV is curable in its early stages before it becomes to advanced. Sometimes the disease has symptoms but really isn’t noticed though the first few years. The consequences are not being able to fight off diseases thanks to the immune system being weakened by the virus. The disease is also some what common in
Although these measures may not be as important as medical visits frequency and viral load suppression, these factors are a contributing aspect to the health and improvement of people living with HIV. Poor oral health can lead to malnutrition. If the person is unable to chew or swallow because of pain from their mouth or a laceration, the person may not receive enough food to stay healthy. Consequently, this may result in how their body responds to HIV medication or pathogens. In turn, any infection can stimulate the virus to grow, causing a loss of viral loads. Furthermore, hepatitis C is the most common infection associated with HIV, but is neglected by more than half of the grantees. If grantees could just conduct the screening and letting the patient decide if he or she wants treatment, it would be beneficial rather than not screening any at
Antivirals are the treatment for HIV and presently there is no known cure. Treatment most often involves combinations of different drugs to avoid creating strains of the virus that are immune to single drug treatments (Mayo Clinic, 2013). The number of CD4 or T cells monitors treatment response. The viral load should be undetectable while undergoing antiviral therapy. The count is checked when treatment starts and usually monitored every 3-6 months. Even if someone has an undetectable viral load, the spreading of HIV is still a possibility.
“Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a blood-borne virus typically transmitted via sexual intercourse, shared intravenous drug paraphernalia, and mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), which can occur during the birth processor during breastfeeding.” There is no cure for HIV or AIDS but over time different types of medications have been developed that slows down the advancement of the disease. AIDS is a lethal disease that is caused by HIV. HIV destroys the immune system and causes the body to not be able to fight off any diseases.
Currently, there are no vaccines and no cures for HIV or AIDS, although scientists are researching and finding new drugs and treatments. So far, scientists have discovered a variety of drugs and medication that can be used to control and slow the virus and the progression of the disease. There are some drugs which interfere with the virus ability to make copies of itself by disabling a protein it needs, like Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. If someone is diagnosed with HIV, it is important to start with treatments as soon as possible.