Living With Multiple Sclerosis : An Autoimmune Disease

2007 Words9 Pages
Quy Phan
22 November 2014
Psych 147
Project #1
Living with Multiple Sclerosis

The Condition

Multiple sclerosis (also known as MS) is an autoimmune disease which affects the spinal cord and brain (central nervous system). It is considered to be one of the most mysterious diseases because there are no exact recognition on its causes; there is no cure as well. Rather, treatment is used to prevent its attacks. The common mechanism of multiple sclerosis is the failure of myelin to produce cells because of the destruction of the immune system. Myelin is part of a neuron which helps propagation of impulses (electrical messages) of the central nervous system. It is also an essential part of the central nervous system. The United States,
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In addition, progressive form resist drugs that are used to treat this form of a disease (6). Multiple sclerosis has no single diagnostic test. Rather, evidence helps the diagnosis which there are three: First, the white matter of the central nervous system should have two different lesions. Second, the course of the disease should happen episodically. Lastly, a chronic inflammation of the CNS (1). In order for physicians to make a diagnosis, they have to find damage in two areas of the optic nerves, the brain, and the spinal cord. They must also observe if the symptoms would last more than 24 hours as well as observing episodes of a month or more (3). Then, they will give the patient an MRI or Magnetic Resonance Imaging where it can investigate physiology and the anatomy of a human body to display his or her health and whether he or she has such a disease. Symptoms of multiple sclerosis includes early and common symptoms. Early symptoms includes: a blurred vision, cognitive problems, lacking coordination, numbness, weakness in legs or arms, and lacking balance. Common symptoms includes early symptoms as well as: a “stabbing” pain, problems with bladder, nauseous/dizziness, fatigue, spasms, problems with speech, and tremors. Physicians divided multiple sclerosis in three categories: primary, secondary, and tertiary. Primary symptoms are caused by damage from the nerves on the brain or spine. This damage makes the signals more difficult to
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